Multiple sensory abnormalities have been reported in individuals with developmental dyslexia, especially in the visual and auditory systems. We used gratings of alternating ridges and grooves to investigate tactile perception in this disorder using two tasks: spatial acuity-dependent discrimination of grating orientation and discrimination of gratings varying in ridge width. Compared to age-matched normal subjects, dyslexics were significantly impaired on grating orientation discrimination, with mean thresholds that were nearly twice normal. Unlike normal subjects, their performance on this task was slightly but significantly worse on the dominant hand than on the non-dominant hand. Dyslexics also showed a substantial but non-significant trend for impairment on grating ridge width discrimination. A group of subjects with attention deficit disorder did not differ significantly from normal on any of these measures. These findings expand the range of perceptual deficits reported in developmental dyslexia. Possible explanations for the results, including difficulties with temporal processing, abnormal lateral masking or parietal lobe dysfunction are discussed. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Behavioral Neuroscience