Surface roughness present on internal cooling channels produced with additive manufacturing has been previously shown to augment heat transfer and pressure loss to levels similar to traditionally cast turbulators. Given the ability of the surface roughness to improve the cooling performance of small cooling channels, the question arises on whether there is an optimal combination of random roughness features to maximize internal cooling performance. To investigate this question, test coupons with different surface roughness morphologies and magnitudes were manufactured by manipulating the parameters in the laser powder bed fusion additive manufacturing process. The coupons were tested to characterize the friction factor and Nusselt number of the cooling channels over a range of Reynolds numbers. Results showed that certain roughness combinations outperformed others, increasing the internal cooling performance of the channels. Additionally, manipulation of the performance using the process parameters allowed for reductions in build time, which could be useful for controlling component cost.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering