Takeoff forces transmitted to the upper extremity during water-skiing

Jeffrey P. Keverline, Richard Englund, Timothy E. Cooney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As data were unavailable, this study quantified the forces acting on the upper extremities during water-skiing take-off in 10 male volunteers (mean age: 28 years). Body weight ranged between 141 and 195 lbs. Low, medium, and full-power, takeoffs were used to propel each skier out of the water. Although low-power takeoffs produced significantly less peak force (P≤.0004), they yielded a trend toward greater time under load (P=.097). As the data suggest that forces assume roughly one and one-half times body weight, individuals with pre-existing shoulder morbidity may risk exacerbation of their condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-710
Number of pages4
JournalOrthopedics
Volume26
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

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Skiing
Upper Extremity
Body Weight
Water
Volunteers
Morbidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Keverline, J. P., Englund, R., & Cooney, T. E. (2003). Takeoff forces transmitted to the upper extremity during water-skiing. Orthopedics, 26(7), 707-710.
Keverline, Jeffrey P. ; Englund, Richard ; Cooney, Timothy E. / Takeoff forces transmitted to the upper extremity during water-skiing. In: Orthopedics. 2003 ; Vol. 26, No. 7. pp. 707-710.
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Keverline, JP, Englund, R & Cooney, TE 2003, 'Takeoff forces transmitted to the upper extremity during water-skiing', Orthopedics, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 707-710.

Takeoff forces transmitted to the upper extremity during water-skiing. / Keverline, Jeffrey P.; Englund, Richard; Cooney, Timothy E.

In: Orthopedics, Vol. 26, No. 7, 01.07.2003, p. 707-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Keverline JP, Englund R, Cooney TE. Takeoff forces transmitted to the upper extremity during water-skiing. Orthopedics. 2003 Jul 1;26(7):707-710.