Tandem DctD‐binding sites of the Rhizobium meliloti dctA upstream activating sequence are essential for optimal function despite a 50‐ to 100‐fold difference in affinity for DctD

H. Ledebur, B. T. Nixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Rhizobium melilot genes dctB and dctD positively regulate the expression of dctA, which encodes a C4‐dicarboxylate transport protein. Here we characterize an element (UAS) located upstream of dctA that has tandem binding sites for the dctD gene product (DctD). At relatively low concentrations of active DctD, the element activated dctA transcription, but at relatively high concentrations of DctD it was inhibitory. The UAS failed to function when placed further upstream of dctA. Both DctD‐binding sites were required for optimal UAS function, despite a 50‐ to 100‐fold difference in binding affinities. Moving the promoter distal binding site 5 bp further upstream was functionally equivalent to its deletion. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the α54 ‐dependent activator DctD binds co‐operatively to the R. meliloti dctA UAS, and that occupancy of both sites is required for maximal activation of dctA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3479-3492
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume6
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992

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Sinorhizobium meliloti
Binding Sites
Rhizobium
Genes
Carrier Proteins
coumarin, resin, rutin, volatile oil drug combination

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Tandem DctD‐binding sites of the Rhizobium meliloti dctA upstream activating sequence are essential for optimal function despite a 50‐ to 100‐fold difference in affinity for DctD",
abstract = "The Rhizobium melilot genes dctB and dctD positively regulate the expression of dctA, which encodes a C4‐dicarboxylate transport protein. Here we characterize an element (UAS) located upstream of dctA that has tandem binding sites for the dctD gene product (DctD). At relatively low concentrations of active DctD, the element activated dctA transcription, but at relatively high concentrations of DctD it was inhibitory. The UAS failed to function when placed further upstream of dctA. Both DctD‐binding sites were required for optimal UAS function, despite a 50‐ to 100‐fold difference in binding affinities. Moving the promoter distal binding site 5 bp further upstream was functionally equivalent to its deletion. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the α54 ‐dependent activator DctD binds co‐operatively to the R. meliloti dctA UAS, and that occupancy of both sites is required for maximal activation of dctA.",
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AU - Nixon, B. T.

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N2 - The Rhizobium melilot genes dctB and dctD positively regulate the expression of dctA, which encodes a C4‐dicarboxylate transport protein. Here we characterize an element (UAS) located upstream of dctA that has tandem binding sites for the dctD gene product (DctD). At relatively low concentrations of active DctD, the element activated dctA transcription, but at relatively high concentrations of DctD it was inhibitory. The UAS failed to function when placed further upstream of dctA. Both DctD‐binding sites were required for optimal UAS function, despite a 50‐ to 100‐fold difference in binding affinities. Moving the promoter distal binding site 5 bp further upstream was functionally equivalent to its deletion. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the α54 ‐dependent activator DctD binds co‐operatively to the R. meliloti dctA UAS, and that occupancy of both sites is required for maximal activation of dctA.

AB - The Rhizobium melilot genes dctB and dctD positively regulate the expression of dctA, which encodes a C4‐dicarboxylate transport protein. Here we characterize an element (UAS) located upstream of dctA that has tandem binding sites for the dctD gene product (DctD). At relatively low concentrations of active DctD, the element activated dctA transcription, but at relatively high concentrations of DctD it was inhibitory. The UAS failed to function when placed further upstream of dctA. Both DctD‐binding sites were required for optimal UAS function, despite a 50‐ to 100‐fold difference in binding affinities. Moving the promoter distal binding site 5 bp further upstream was functionally equivalent to its deletion. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the α54 ‐dependent activator DctD binds co‐operatively to the R. meliloti dctA UAS, and that occupancy of both sites is required for maximal activation of dctA.

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