Background: Birds have been associated with many diseases including hypersensitivity pneumonitis and allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis. Bird antigen from homes of patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis persists long after the bird is removed from the home. This may account for the persistence of symptoms, signs, and bird-specific IgG in patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Tannic acid application has been effective in decreasing cat and mite allergen levels. No data have been available on tannic acid's effect on bird antigen. Objective: It is the purpose of this study to determine whether tannic acid reduces bird antigen in the home. Method: Dust samples were collected from homes with bird antigen before and after application of tannic acid. Samples were assayed for bird antigen levels using a competitive inhibition ELISA. Pre- and post-bird antigen levels were compared using a paired t test to determine whether antigen was reduced significantly. Results: There was not a statistical difference between bird antigen levels before and after application of tannic acid as compared by paired t test (P = .09). Conclusion: Tannic acid is not effective in decreasing bird antigen levels. In patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis or allergic disease to birds, the bird should be removed from the home and environmental cleanup should be undertaken, but tannic acid application is not indicated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine