TARGET SELECTION FOR THE SDSS-III MARVELS SURVEY

Martin Paegert, Keivan G. Stassun, Nathan De Lee, Joshua Pepper, Scott W. Fleming, Thirupathi Sivarani, Suvrath Mahadevan, Claude E. Mack, Saurav Dhital, Leslie Hebb, Jian Ge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the target selection process for the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanets Large-area Survey (MARVELS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) III. MARVELS is a medium-resolution (R ∼ 11,000) multi-fiber spectrograph capable of obtaining radial velocities for 60 objects at a time in order to find brown dwarfs and giant planets. The survey was configured to target dwarf stars with effective temperatures approximately between 4500 and 6250 K. For the first 2 years MARVELS relied on low-resolution spectroscopic pre-observations to estimate the effective temperature and log(g) for candidate stars and then selected suitable dwarf stars from this pool. Ultimately, the pre-observation spectra proved ineffective at filtering out giant stars; many giants were incorrectly classified as dwarfs, resulting in a giant contamination rate of ∼30% for the first phase of the MARVELS survey. Thereafter, the survey instead applied a reduced proper motion cut to eliminate giants and used the Infrared Flux Method to estimate effective temperatures, using only extant photmetric and proper-motion catalog information. The target selection method introduced here may be useful for other surveys that need to rely on extant catalog data for selection of specific stellar populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number186
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume149
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Fingerprint

extrasolar planets
radial velocity
dwarf stars
proper motion
catalogs
giant stars
estimates
temperature
spectrographs
planets
contamination
planet
stars
fibers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Paegert, M., Stassun, K. G., Lee, N. D., Pepper, J., Fleming, S. W., Sivarani, T., ... Ge, J. (2015). TARGET SELECTION FOR THE SDSS-III MARVELS SURVEY. Astronomical Journal, 149(6), [186]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/149/6/186
Paegert, Martin ; Stassun, Keivan G. ; Lee, Nathan De ; Pepper, Joshua ; Fleming, Scott W. ; Sivarani, Thirupathi ; Mahadevan, Suvrath ; Mack, Claude E. ; Dhital, Saurav ; Hebb, Leslie ; Ge, Jian. / TARGET SELECTION FOR THE SDSS-III MARVELS SURVEY. In: Astronomical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 149, No. 6.
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Paegert, M, Stassun, KG, Lee, ND, Pepper, J, Fleming, SW, Sivarani, T, Mahadevan, S, Mack, CE, Dhital, S, Hebb, L & Ge, J 2015, 'TARGET SELECTION FOR THE SDSS-III MARVELS SURVEY', Astronomical Journal, vol. 149, no. 6, 186. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/149/6/186

TARGET SELECTION FOR THE SDSS-III MARVELS SURVEY. / Paegert, Martin; Stassun, Keivan G.; Lee, Nathan De; Pepper, Joshua; Fleming, Scott W.; Sivarani, Thirupathi; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Mack, Claude E.; Dhital, Saurav; Hebb, Leslie; Ge, Jian.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 149, No. 6, 186, 01.06.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Paegert, Martin

AU - Stassun, Keivan G.

AU - Lee, Nathan De

AU - Pepper, Joshua

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AU - Sivarani, Thirupathi

AU - Mahadevan, Suvrath

AU - Mack, Claude E.

AU - Dhital, Saurav

AU - Hebb, Leslie

AU - Ge, Jian

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AB - We present the target selection process for the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanets Large-area Survey (MARVELS), which is part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) III. MARVELS is a medium-resolution (R ∼ 11,000) multi-fiber spectrograph capable of obtaining radial velocities for 60 objects at a time in order to find brown dwarfs and giant planets. The survey was configured to target dwarf stars with effective temperatures approximately between 4500 and 6250 K. For the first 2 years MARVELS relied on low-resolution spectroscopic pre-observations to estimate the effective temperature and log(g) for candidate stars and then selected suitable dwarf stars from this pool. Ultimately, the pre-observation spectra proved ineffective at filtering out giant stars; many giants were incorrectly classified as dwarfs, resulting in a giant contamination rate of ∼30% for the first phase of the MARVELS survey. Thereafter, the survey instead applied a reduced proper motion cut to eliminate giants and used the Infrared Flux Method to estimate effective temperatures, using only extant photmetric and proper-motion catalog information. The target selection method introduced here may be useful for other surveys that need to rely on extant catalog data for selection of specific stellar populations.

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Paegert M, Stassun KG, Lee ND, Pepper J, Fleming SW, Sivarani T et al. TARGET SELECTION FOR THE SDSS-III MARVELS SURVEY. Astronomical Journal. 2015 Jun 1;149(6). 186. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/149/6/186