To directly evaluate the role of increased ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and polyamines in mouse skin carcinogenesis, we used bovine keratin 5 (K5) and keratin 6 (K6) promoter elements to direct the expression of antizyme (AZ) to specific skin cell populations. AZ is a multifunctional regulator of polyamine metabolism that inhibits ODC activity, stimulates ODC degradation, and suppresses polyamine uptake. K5-AZ mice treated with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) at 0 and 24 h exhibit increases in epidermal and dermal ODC activity that are reduced in magnitude. K6-AZ mice treated similarly do not show any increased ODC activity or protein after a second application due to TPA-induced expression of AZ protein. Epidermal and dermal polyamine content, particularly spermidine, is reduced in untreated K5-AZ mice and TPA-treated K5-AZ and K6-AZ mice. Susceptibility to 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene/TPA carcinogenesis was also investigated for two K6-AZ transgenic lines [K6-AZ(52) and K6-AZ(18)] and a single K5-AZ line. K6-AZ(52) mice had a substantial delay in tumor onset and a >80% reduction in tumor multiplicity compared with normal littermates. K6-AZ(18) and K5-AZ mice also developed fewer papillomas than littermate controls (35% and 50%, respectively), and the combination of these lines to produce double transgenic animals yielded an additive decrease (70%) in tumor multiplicity. These mice demonstrate for the first time that AZ suppresses tumor growth in an animal cancer model and provide a valuable model system to evaluate the role of ODC and polyamines in skin tumorigenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Aug 15 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research