Taxonomic synopsis of the ponto-mediterranean ants of temnothorax nylanderi species-group

Sándor Csosz, Jürgen Heinze, Istvan Miko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the current revisionary work, the Temnothorax nylanderi species-group of myrmicine ants is characterized. Eighteen species belonging to this group in the Ponto-Mediterranean region are described or redefined based on an integrative approach that combines exploratory analyses of morphometric data and of a 658bp fragment of the mitochondrial gene for the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (CO I). The species group is subdivided into five species complexes: T. angustifrons complex, T. lichtensteini complex, T. nylanderi complex, T. parvulus complex, T. sordidulus complex, and two species, T. angulinodis sp. n. and T. flavicornis (Emery, 1870) form their own lineages. We describe seven new species (T. angulinodis sp. n., T. angustifrons sp. n., T. ariadnae sp. n., T. helenae sp. n., T. lucidus sp. n., T. similis sp. n., T. subtilis sp. n.), raise T. tergestinus (FINZI, 1928) stat.n. to species level, and propose a new junior synonymy for T. saxonicus (SEIFERT, 1995) syn.n. (junior synonym of T. tergestinus). We describe the worker caste and provide high quality images and distributional maps for all eighteen species. Furthermore, we provide a decision tree as an alternative identification key that visually gives an overview of this species-group. We make the first application to Formicidae of the Semantic Phenotype approach that has been used in previous taxonomic revisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number140000
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2015

Fingerprint

Temnothorax
Mediterranean Region
Decision Trees
Mitochondrial Genes
Ants
Electron Transport Complex IV
Decision trees
Semantics
Social Class
Image quality
Formicidae
Genes
Phenotype
taxonomic keys
taxonomic revisions
Mediterranean region
cytochrome-c oxidase
phenotype
new species
genes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Csosz, Sándor ; Heinze, Jürgen ; Miko, Istvan. / Taxonomic synopsis of the ponto-mediterranean ants of temnothorax nylanderi species-group. In: PloS one. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 11.
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Taxonomic synopsis of the ponto-mediterranean ants of temnothorax nylanderi species-group. / Csosz, Sándor; Heinze, Jürgen; Miko, Istvan.

In: PloS one, Vol. 10, No. 11, 140000, 04.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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