Analogous to the clinical use of recombinant high-affinity Abs, transfer of TCR genes may be used to create a T cell compartment specific for self-Ags to which the endogenous T cell repertoire is immune tolerant. In this study, we show in a spontaneous prostate carcinoma model that the combination of vaccination with adoptive transfer of small numbers of T cells that are genetically modified with a tumor-specific TCR results in a marked suppression of tumor development, even though both treatments are by themselves without effect. These results demonstrate the value of TCR gene transfer to target otherwise nonimmunogenic tumor-associated self-Ags provided that adoptive transfer occurs under conditions that allow in vivo expansion of the TCR-modified T cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy