Teacher and parent ratings of children with depressive disorders

Richard Mattison, Gabrielle A. Carlson, Dennis P. Cantwell, Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fields of child psychology and psychiatry have not yet established the clinical presentation in school of children and adolescents who have been diagnosed as having a depressive disorder. To address this issue, the authors used teacher ratings on scale oriented to the third, revised edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R). Based on DSM-III-R diagnoses generated from interviews - using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Epidemiological Version (K-SADS-E) - of parents and children ages 6 to 18 years old (N = 153), the authors formed three groups of children: Depressed, Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder, and Control. They then used the DSM-oriented scales of Achenbach's Teacher's Report Form and the Child Behavior Checklist, the latter completed by parents, to compare the children in each group. Teacher-parent agreement on the scales was consistent with the results from past studies. Teacher ratings distinguished among the groups almost identically to parent ratings; in particular, the Affective Problems scales significantly differentiated the Depressed group from the other two groups. Furthermore, teachers rated substantial numbers of members of the Depressed group with serious levels of both affective and anxious symptoms. Overall, teacher accuracy in identifying children with depression was 66% on the Affective Problems scales. In addition, the ratings identified two subgroups of the Depressed group: Parent-Identified Only and Teacher/Parent-Identified. Consequently, teachers appear to make clinically relevant ratings of depression in children that may enhance the diagnosis and treatment monitoring of depressive disorders in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

Fingerprint

Depressive Disorder
parents
rating
teacher
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Group
teacher rating
Parents
Depression
Child Psychology
child psychology
child psychiatry
Child Psychiatry
adolescent
Affective Symptoms
Child Behavior
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Checklist
Mood Disorders
ADHD

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Mattison, Richard ; Carlson, Gabrielle A. ; Cantwell, Dennis P. ; Asarnow, Joan Rosenbaum. / Teacher and parent ratings of children with depressive disorders. In: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 2007 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 184-192.
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Teacher and parent ratings of children with depressive disorders. / Mattison, Richard; Carlson, Gabrielle A.; Cantwell, Dennis P.; Asarnow, Joan Rosenbaum.

In: Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.09.2007, p. 184-192.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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