Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults

R. M. Foxx, N. E. Marchand-Martella, R. C. Martella, D. Braunling-McMorrow, M. J. McMorrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study developed and evaluated a program for teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults. Four general areas were targeted for training: Community Awareness and Transportation; Medication, Alcohol, and Drugs; Stating One's Rights; and Emergencies, Injuries, and Safety. The program featured cue cards, response-specific feedback, modeling, self-monitoring, positive reinforcement, response practice, self-correction, and individualized performance criterion levels. It was evaluated via pre- and posttraining generalization assessments that involved phone calls, interviews, and staged interactions in the natural environment. The experimental group (N = 3) received baseline, training, and pre/posttraining assessments, whereas the contrast group (N = 3) received only pre/posttraining assessments. The posttraining results revealed that the experimental subjects' problem-solving skills had generalized somewhat, whereas the contrast group showed little change from pre- to postassessment. The program appears to offer some promise as a method of teaching a problem-solving strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-210
Number of pages18
JournalBehavioral Residential Treatment
Volume3
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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Teaching
Head
Cues
Emergencies
Alcohols
Interviews
Safety
Wounds and Injuries
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Problem Solving
Practice (Psychology)
Generalization (Psychology)
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Modeling
Self-correction
Self-monitoring
Medication
Alcohol
Phone
Emergency

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Foxx, R. M., Marchand-Martella, N. E., Martella, R. C., Braunling-McMorrow, D., & McMorrow, M. J. (1988). Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults. Behavioral Residential Treatment, 3(3), 193-210.
Foxx, R. M. ; Marchand-Martella, N. E. ; Martella, R. C. ; Braunling-McMorrow, D. ; McMorrow, M. J. / Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults. In: Behavioral Residential Treatment. 1988 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 193-210.
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Foxx, RM, Marchand-Martella, NE, Martella, RC, Braunling-McMorrow, D & McMorrow, MJ 1988, 'Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults', Behavioral Residential Treatment, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 193-210.

Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults. / Foxx, R. M.; Marchand-Martella, N. E.; Martella, R. C.; Braunling-McMorrow, D.; McMorrow, M. J.

In: Behavioral Residential Treatment, Vol. 3, No. 3, 01.01.1988, p. 193-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Foxx RM, Marchand-Martella NE, Martella RC, Braunling-McMorrow D, McMorrow MJ. Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults. Behavioral Residential Treatment. 1988 Jan 1;3(3):193-210.