Teaching individuals with autism spectrum disorder to ask questions

A systematic review

Tracy Raulston, Amarie Carnett, Russell Lang, Amy Tostanoski, Allyson Lee, Wendy Machalicek, Jeff Sigafoos, Mark F. O'Reilly, Robert Didden, Giulio E. Lancioni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review involved a systematic search and analysis of studies aimed at teaching individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to ask questions (i.e., teaching mands for information). A systematic search of databases, reference lists, and journals identified 21 studies that met predetermined inclusion criteria. Included studies were then summarized in terms of (a) participant characteristics, (b) dependent variables (e.g., types of question-asking skills that were taught), (c) intervention procedures, (d) research designs, and (e) outcomes. All 21 studies reported that participants acquired or improved in the targeted question-asking skills. The most common intervention components included (a) echoic prompts and systematic fading procedures (e.g., time delay), (b) positive reinforcement via provision of requested information and/or access to preferred items or activities, and (c) contriving situations to motivate specific questions (i.e., creating establishing operations). Implications for practitioners and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)866-878
Number of pages13
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Teaching
Access to Information
Research Design
Databases
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Direction compound
Reinforcement (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Raulston, Tracy ; Carnett, Amarie ; Lang, Russell ; Tostanoski, Amy ; Lee, Allyson ; Machalicek, Wendy ; Sigafoos, Jeff ; O'Reilly, Mark F. ; Didden, Robert ; Lancioni, Giulio E. / Teaching individuals with autism spectrum disorder to ask questions : A systematic review. In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2013 ; Vol. 7, No. 7. pp. 866-878.
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Raulston, T, Carnett, A, Lang, R, Tostanoski, A, Lee, A, Machalicek, W, Sigafoos, J, O'Reilly, MF, Didden, R & Lancioni, GE 2013, 'Teaching individuals with autism spectrum disorder to ask questions: A systematic review', Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 866-878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2013.03.008

Teaching individuals with autism spectrum disorder to ask questions : A systematic review. / Raulston, Tracy; Carnett, Amarie; Lang, Russell; Tostanoski, Amy; Lee, Allyson; Machalicek, Wendy; Sigafoos, Jeff; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Didden, Robert; Lancioni, Giulio E.

In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Vol. 7, No. 7, 01.01.2013, p. 866-878.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T2 - A systematic review

AU - Raulston, Tracy

AU - Carnett, Amarie

AU - Lang, Russell

AU - Tostanoski, Amy

AU - Lee, Allyson

AU - Machalicek, Wendy

AU - Sigafoos, Jeff

AU - O'Reilly, Mark F.

AU - Didden, Robert

AU - Lancioni, Giulio E.

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