PURPOSE: To evaluate scanning parameters (conventional versus spiral CT, section thickness, and pitch) and vessel orientation in the performance of CT angiography. METHODS: Conventional CT and 1.0-, 1.5-, and 2.0-pitch spiral CT acquisitions of a carotid phantom designed with vessels oriented parallel to the z-axis, 45°oblique, and perpendicular to the z-axis were obtained with section thicknesses of 2, 4, and 8 mm. The phantom contained 32 vessels with 0% to 100% stenoses. Normal and stenotic luminal diameters were measured and the number of artifacts was assessed. RESULTS: No overall difference was observed among conventional and spiral CT acquisitions obtained with pitches of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0. With thicker sections, CT angiographic accuracy decreased and artifacts increased. The three-vessel orientations were relatively comparable in accuracy in terms of the percentage of stenosis measured. Vessels parallel to the z-axis suffered less artifactual degradation. Unique artifacts, such as luminal distortion and beam hardening, were observed in vessels oriented at 45°and perpendicular to the z-axis. CONCLUSION: Use of thinner sections with vessels oriented parallel to the z- axis optimizes CT angiographic quality. There is no apparent degradation with the use of spiral CT, and a pitch of 1.5 or 2.0 provides results equivalent to 1.0-pitch spiral studies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology