Techniques of Force and Pressure Measurement in the Small Joints of the Wrist

Michael J. Schreck, Meghan Kelly, Colin D. Canham, John C. Elfar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The alteration of forces across joints can result in instability and subsequent disability. Previous methods of force measurements such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers have been utilized to estimate biomechanical forces across joints and more recent studies have utilized a nondestructive method that allows for assessment of joint forces under ligamentous restraints. Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to explore the numerous biomechanical methods utilized to estimate intra-articular forces. Results: Methods of biomechanical force measurements in joints are reviewed. Conclusions: Methods such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers require significant intra-articular disruption and thus may result in inaccurate measurements, especially in small joints such as those within the wrist and hand. Non-destructive methods of joint force measurements either utilizing distraction-based joint reaction force methods or finite element analysis may offer a more accurate assessment; however, given their recent inception, further studies are needed to improve and validate their use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalHand
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Wrist Joint
Joints
Pressure
Pressure Transducers
Finite Element Analysis
Wrist
Hand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Schreck, Michael J. ; Kelly, Meghan ; Canham, Colin D. ; Elfar, John C. / Techniques of Force and Pressure Measurement in the Small Joints of the Wrist. In: Hand. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 23-32.
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Techniques of Force and Pressure Measurement in the Small Joints of the Wrist. / Schreck, Michael J.; Kelly, Meghan; Canham, Colin D.; Elfar, John C.

In: Hand, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 23-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Techniques of Force and Pressure Measurement in the Small Joints of the Wrist

AU - Schreck, Michael J.

AU - Kelly, Meghan

AU - Canham, Colin D.

AU - Elfar, John C.

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N2 - Background: The alteration of forces across joints can result in instability and subsequent disability. Previous methods of force measurements such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers have been utilized to estimate biomechanical forces across joints and more recent studies have utilized a nondestructive method that allows for assessment of joint forces under ligamentous restraints. Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to explore the numerous biomechanical methods utilized to estimate intra-articular forces. Results: Methods of biomechanical force measurements in joints are reviewed. Conclusions: Methods such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers require significant intra-articular disruption and thus may result in inaccurate measurements, especially in small joints such as those within the wrist and hand. Non-destructive methods of joint force measurements either utilizing distraction-based joint reaction force methods or finite element analysis may offer a more accurate assessment; however, given their recent inception, further studies are needed to improve and validate their use.

AB - Background: The alteration of forces across joints can result in instability and subsequent disability. Previous methods of force measurements such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers have been utilized to estimate biomechanical forces across joints and more recent studies have utilized a nondestructive method that allows for assessment of joint forces under ligamentous restraints. Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to explore the numerous biomechanical methods utilized to estimate intra-articular forces. Results: Methods of biomechanical force measurements in joints are reviewed. Conclusions: Methods such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers require significant intra-articular disruption and thus may result in inaccurate measurements, especially in small joints such as those within the wrist and hand. Non-destructive methods of joint force measurements either utilizing distraction-based joint reaction force methods or finite element analysis may offer a more accurate assessment; however, given their recent inception, further studies are needed to improve and validate their use.

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