Techniques of maxillary-mandibular fixation

Johnathan D. McGinn, Fred G. Fedok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Maxillary-mandibular fixation (MMF) methods are important in the surgical management of the lower facial skeleton. Various techniques have been described to fixate these bones during treatment of facial trauma, reconstruction, and orthognathic surgery. The utilization and technique of placement for Erich arch bars, Ivy loops, Ernst ligatures, and fixation screws are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-122
Number of pages6
JournalOperative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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