We explore factors associated with employees' ability to cope with the challenges of telecommuting - an increasingly pervasive new work mode enabled by advances in information technologies. Telecommuting can trigger important changes in employees' job responsibilities, especially with respect to the degree of proactivity required to effectively work from a distance. Survey responses from a sample of 723 participants in one organization's formal telecommuting program were used to examine the inter-relationships between telecommuter self-efficacy and extent of telecommuting on telecommuters' ability to cope with this new work context. Results indicate that there is a positive association between telecommuter self-efficacy and both employees' behavioral strategies (i.e., structuring behaviors) and work outcomes (i.e., telecommuter adjustment). Moreover, these positive relationships are accentuated for employees who telecommute more extensively. Implications for research and practice concerning the effect of technology on jobs and careers are presented.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
- Life-span and Life-course Studies