Technology requirements for a square meter, arcsecond resolution telescope for x-rays: The SMART-X mission

Daniel A. Schwartz, Ryan Allured, Jay A. Bookbinder, Vincenzo Cotroneo, William R. Forman, Mark D. Freeman, Stuart McMuldroch, Paul B. Reid, Harvey Tananbaum, Alexey A. Vikhlinin, Raegan L. Johnson-Wilke, Susan E. Trolier-McKinstry, Rudeger H.T. Wilke, Thomas N. Jackson, J. Israel Ramirez, Mikhail V. Gubarev, Jeffery J. Kolodziejczak, Stephen L. O'Dell, Brian D. Ramsey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Addressing the astrophysical problems of the 2020's requires sub-arcsecond x-ray imaging with square meter effective area. Such requirements can be derived, for example, by considering deep x-ray surveys to find the young black holes in the early universe (large redshifts) which will grow into the first super-massive black holes. We have envisioned a mission, the Square Meter Arcsecond Resolution Telescope for X-rays (SMART-X), based on adjustable x-ray optics technology, incorporating mirrors with the required small ratio of mass to collecting area. We are pursuing technology which achieves sub-arcsecond resolution by on-orbit adjustment via thin film piezoelectric "cells" deposited directly on the non-reflecting sides of thin, slumped glass. While SMART-X will also incorporate state-of-the-art x-ray cameras, the remaining spacecraft systems have no requirements more stringent than those which are well understood and proven on the current Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdaptive X-Ray Optics III
EditorsStephen L. O'Dell, Ali M. Khounsary
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628412352
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
EventAdaptive X-Ray Optics III - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 17 2014 → …

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9208
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherAdaptive X-Ray Optics III
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/17/14 → …

Fingerprint

Telescopes
Telescope
telescopes
X rays
requirements
Requirements
x rays
Black Holes
X-ray Optics
X-ray Imaging
Early Universe
x ray optics
Observatory
Spacecraft
Thin Films
Mirror
Adjustment
Observatories
Camera
Orbit

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Schwartz, D. A., Allured, R., Bookbinder, J. A., Cotroneo, V., Forman, W. R., Freeman, M. D., ... Ramsey, B. D. (2014). Technology requirements for a square meter, arcsecond resolution telescope for x-rays: The SMART-X mission. In S. L. O'Dell, & A. M. Khounsary (Eds.), Adaptive X-Ray Optics III [920806] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9208). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063469
Schwartz, Daniel A. ; Allured, Ryan ; Bookbinder, Jay A. ; Cotroneo, Vincenzo ; Forman, William R. ; Freeman, Mark D. ; McMuldroch, Stuart ; Reid, Paul B. ; Tananbaum, Harvey ; Vikhlinin, Alexey A. ; Johnson-Wilke, Raegan L. ; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan E. ; Wilke, Rudeger H.T. ; Jackson, Thomas N. ; Ramirez, J. Israel ; Gubarev, Mikhail V. ; Kolodziejczak, Jeffery J. ; O'Dell, Stephen L. ; Ramsey, Brian D. / Technology requirements for a square meter, arcsecond resolution telescope for x-rays : The SMART-X mission. Adaptive X-Ray Optics III. editor / Stephen L. O'Dell ; Ali M. Khounsary. SPIE, 2014. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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Schwartz, DA, Allured, R, Bookbinder, JA, Cotroneo, V, Forman, WR, Freeman, MD, McMuldroch, S, Reid, PB, Tananbaum, H, Vikhlinin, AA, Johnson-Wilke, RL, Trolier-McKinstry, SE, Wilke, RHT, Jackson, TN, Ramirez, JI, Gubarev, MV, Kolodziejczak, JJ, O'Dell, SL & Ramsey, BD 2014, Technology requirements for a square meter, arcsecond resolution telescope for x-rays: The SMART-X mission. in SL O'Dell & AM Khounsary (eds), Adaptive X-Ray Optics III., 920806, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 9208, SPIE, Adaptive X-Ray Optics III, San Diego, United States, 8/17/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063469

Technology requirements for a square meter, arcsecond resolution telescope for x-rays : The SMART-X mission. / Schwartz, Daniel A.; Allured, Ryan; Bookbinder, Jay A.; Cotroneo, Vincenzo; Forman, William R.; Freeman, Mark D.; McMuldroch, Stuart; Reid, Paul B.; Tananbaum, Harvey; Vikhlinin, Alexey A.; Johnson-Wilke, Raegan L.; Trolier-McKinstry, Susan E.; Wilke, Rudeger H.T.; Jackson, Thomas N.; Ramirez, J. Israel; Gubarev, Mikhail V.; Kolodziejczak, Jeffery J.; O'Dell, Stephen L.; Ramsey, Brian D.

Adaptive X-Ray Optics III. ed. / Stephen L. O'Dell; Ali M. Khounsary. SPIE, 2014. 920806 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9208).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Schwartz DA, Allured R, Bookbinder JA, Cotroneo V, Forman WR, Freeman MD et al. Technology requirements for a square meter, arcsecond resolution telescope for x-rays: The SMART-X mission. In O'Dell SL, Khounsary AM, editors, Adaptive X-Ray Optics III. SPIE. 2014. 920806. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063469