The 27 February 2010 Chile (Mw 8.8) earthquake is the fifth largest earthquake to strike during the age of seismological instrumentation. The faulting geometry, slip distribution, seismic moment, and moment-rate function are estimated from broadband teleseismic P, SH, and Rayleigh wave signals. We explore some of the trade-offs in the rupture-process estimation due to model parameterizations, limited teleseismic sampling of seismic phase velocities, and uncertainty in fault geometry. The average slip over the ∼81,500 km2 rupture area is about 5 m, with slip concentrations down-dip, up-dip and southwest, and up-dip and north of the hypocenter. Relatively little slip occurred up-dip/offshore of the hypocenter. The average rupture velocity is ∼2.0-2.5 km/s.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)