Temperature and accumulation at the Greenland Summit: comparison of high-resolution isotope profiles and satellite passive microwave brightness temperature trends

C. A. Shuman, R. B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, J. W.C. White, P. M. Grootes, C. R. Stearns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations


Long-term satellite passive microwave brightness temperature trends, supported by short-term automatic weather station (AWS) temperature data, show that the Greenland Summit area experiences secondary warm periods in the late fall and/or winter as well as primary midsummer warmth. High-resolution isotope profiles from snow pits dug in 1989, 1990, and 1991 near the Greenland Ice Sheet Project II (GISP2) site reveal that stable isotope ratios (δ18O and δD) preserve this distinctive temperature cycle. Our results indicate that stable isotope ratios from the near-surface snow at the Greenland Summit are currently a reliable, high-resolution temperature proxy. This result increases confidence in the paleoclimatic interpretation of isotope signal variations in the GISP2 and Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) deep ice cores. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9165-9177
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberD5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this