Temperature and frequency dependence of complex conductance of ultrathin YBa2Cu3O7- x films: Observation of vortex-antivortex pair unbinding

V. A. Gasparov, G. E. Tsydynzhapov, I. E. Batov, Qi Li

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We have studied the temperature dependencies of the complex sheet conductance, σ(ω, T), of 1-3 unit cell (UC) thick YBa2Cu3O7-x films sandwiched between semiconducting Pr0.6Y0.4Ba2Cu 3O7-x layers at high frequencies. Experiments have been carried out in a frequency range between: 2-30 MHz with one-spiral coil technique, in 100 MHz-1 GHz frequency range with a new technique using a single spiral coil cavity, and at 30 GHz by aid of a resonant cavity technique. The real, Re M(T), and imaginary parts of the mutual-inductance M(T, ω), between a coil and a film, were measured and converted to complex conductivity by aid of the inversion procedure. We have found quadratic temperature dependence of the kinetic inductance, Lk-1(T), at low temperatures independent of frequency, with a break in slope at TBKTdc, the maximum of real part of conductance and large shift of the onset temperature and the maximum ωσ1 (T) position to higher temperatures with increasing frequency ω. We obtain from these data the universal ratio TBKTdc/ Lk-1(TBKTdc) = 25, 25, and 17 nH K for 1, 2 and 3-UC films, respectively in close relation with theoretical prediction of 12 nH K for vortex-antivortex unbinding transition. The activated temperature dependence of the vortex diffusion constant was observed and discussed in the framework of vortex-antivortex pair pinning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-63
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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