Although rescue of the corpus luteum (CL) is required for pregnancy, luteal function during maternal recognition of pregnancy remains largely unexplored. CL were collected from pregnant cattle on days 14, 17, 20, and 23, to encompass the maternal recognition of pregnancy period. Next-generation sequencing was used to profile mRNA abundance during this time, while tandem mass spectrometry and nanostring technology were used to profile proteins and miRNA, respectively. A total of 1157 mRNA were differentially abundant, while 27 miRNA changed, and 29 proteins tended to change. mRNA that increased were regulators of interferon signaling and DNA repair, while those that decreased were associated with luteolytic processes, such as calcium signaling and matrix metallopeptidase (MMP) signaling, indicating inhibition of these processes. One of these, MMP12, was regulated by prostaglandin F2A in vitro. mRNA that were maximally abundant on day 20 were primarily associated with immune processes. Two of these, C-C motif chemokine ligand 1 and NFKB inhibitor alpha, were regulated by interferon tau in vitro. MiRNA that increased were predicted to inhibit phosphatidylinositol signaling, while those that decreased may be negative regulators of steroidogenesis. One protein that was greater on day 20 than on day 14 was aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A1 (ALDH1A1), which synthesizes retinoic acid. Pharmacological inhibition of this enzyme, or of retinoic acid receptor signaling, led to suppression of progesterone production in vitro. Overall, these data indicate that there are changes in the CL of pregnancy that are important for continued luteal function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Cell Biology