Temporal Perspective and Attributions: The Role of Causal Stability and Certainty

Lawrence J. Sanna, Janet K. Swim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Examinations of the effect of temporal perspective on attributions have resulted in a set of apparently contradictory findings. Our results suggest that rather than a dispositional shift versus a situational shift, these findings can be reconciled in terms of a “stability shift” in attributions over time. In Study 1, participants were given scenarios and were asked to imagine themselves, or another person, succeeding or failing in the past, present, or future. In Study 2, participants provided attributions for their own real-life exam performances, with a design that instituted a time delay. The dependent measures were eight achievement attributions corresponding to the cells of Weiner’s model. Discussion centers around the stability and certainty of causes, and directions for further research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-387
Number of pages17
Journalbasic and applied social psychology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1992

Fingerprint

Research
Direction compound

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

@article{f9ef2ac56caa4c7ca670dbd4fdb41f08,
title = "Temporal Perspective and Attributions: The Role of Causal Stability and Certainty",
abstract = "Examinations of the effect of temporal perspective on attributions have resulted in a set of apparently contradictory findings. Our results suggest that rather than a dispositional shift versus a situational shift, these findings can be reconciled in terms of a “stability shift” in attributions over time. In Study 1, participants were given scenarios and were asked to imagine themselves, or another person, succeeding or failing in the past, present, or future. In Study 2, participants provided attributions for their own real-life exam performances, with a design that instituted a time delay. The dependent measures were eight achievement attributions corresponding to the cells of Weiner’s model. Discussion centers around the stability and certainty of causes, and directions for further research.",
author = "Sanna, {Lawrence J.} and Swim, {Janet K.}",
year = "1992",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1207/s15324834basp1303_7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "371--387",
journal = "Basic and Applied Social Psychology",
issn = "0197-3533",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

Temporal Perspective and Attributions : The Role of Causal Stability and Certainty. / Sanna, Lawrence J.; Swim, Janet K.

In: basic and applied social psychology, Vol. 13, No. 3, 09.1992, p. 371-387.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temporal Perspective and Attributions

T2 - The Role of Causal Stability and Certainty

AU - Sanna, Lawrence J.

AU - Swim, Janet K.

PY - 1992/9

Y1 - 1992/9

N2 - Examinations of the effect of temporal perspective on attributions have resulted in a set of apparently contradictory findings. Our results suggest that rather than a dispositional shift versus a situational shift, these findings can be reconciled in terms of a “stability shift” in attributions over time. In Study 1, participants were given scenarios and were asked to imagine themselves, or another person, succeeding or failing in the past, present, or future. In Study 2, participants provided attributions for their own real-life exam performances, with a design that instituted a time delay. The dependent measures were eight achievement attributions corresponding to the cells of Weiner’s model. Discussion centers around the stability and certainty of causes, and directions for further research.

AB - Examinations of the effect of temporal perspective on attributions have resulted in a set of apparently contradictory findings. Our results suggest that rather than a dispositional shift versus a situational shift, these findings can be reconciled in terms of a “stability shift” in attributions over time. In Study 1, participants were given scenarios and were asked to imagine themselves, or another person, succeeding or failing in the past, present, or future. In Study 2, participants provided attributions for their own real-life exam performances, with a design that instituted a time delay. The dependent measures were eight achievement attributions corresponding to the cells of Weiner’s model. Discussion centers around the stability and certainty of causes, and directions for further research.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21144462089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21144462089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1207/s15324834basp1303_7

DO - 10.1207/s15324834basp1303_7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:21144462089

VL - 13

SP - 371

EP - 387

JO - Basic and Applied Social Psychology

JF - Basic and Applied Social Psychology

SN - 0197-3533

IS - 3

ER -