Temporal, probabilistic mapping of ash clouds using wind field stochastic variability and uncertain eruption source parameters: Example of the 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption

E. R. Stefanescu, A. K. Patra, M. I. Bursik, R. Madankan, S. Pouget, M. Jones, P. Singla, T. Singh, E. B. Pitman, M. Pavolonis, D. Morton, P. Webley, J. Dehn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Uncertainty in predictions from a model of volcanic ash transport in the atmosphere arises from uncertainty in both eruption source parameters and the model wind field. In a previous contribution, we analyzed the probability of ash cloud presence using weighted samples of volcanic ash transport and dispersal model runs and a reanalysis wind field to propagate uncertainty in eruption source parameters alone. In this contribution, the probabilistic modeling is extended by using ensemble forecast wind fields as well as uncertain source parameters. The impact on ash transport of variability in wind fields due to unresolved scales of motion as well as model physics uncertainty is also explored. We have therefore generated a weighted, probabilistic forecast of volcanic ash transport with only a priori information, exploring uncertainty in both the wind field and the volcanic source. Key Points: First time-varying probabilistic ash cloud forecast maps High-fidelity probability mapping with moment optimization and high-resolution winds Testing of outputs with standard metrics and against multimodel and SKEB

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1173-1184
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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