This study presents experimental and computational analyses of the phase composition and mechanical behavior of a functionally graded material (FGM) grading from 100 vol% 304L stainless steel (SS304L) to 100 vol% Ni-20Cr (NiCr) in 10 vol% increments. The mechanical behavior of the FGM was evaluated by extracting tensile specimens from SS304L-rich and NiCr-rich regions of the FGM, with the former behaving in a ductile manner and the latter being relatively brittle. The brittle response of the NiCr-rich sample was explained by the presence of the eutectic FCC+BCC phase in this sample, as identified by Scheil-Gulliver simulations along with experimental phase and composition analyses. The spatially varying yield and flow behavior of the FGM was determined through comparison of finite element analysis simulations with experimentally measured stress-strain curves and surface strain contours. The results highlight that the overall ductile behavior of SS304L and brittle behavior of NiCr are preserved in the SS304L/NiCr FGM but the formation of the brittle eutectic phase further reduced the ductility within the regions where it formed (90 vol% NiCr/10 vol% SS304L).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)