Tension between reducing sea-level rise and global warming through solar-radiation management

P. J. Irvine, R. L. Sriver, K. Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geoengineering using solar-radiation management (SRM) is gaining interest as a potential strategy to reduce future climate change impacts. Basic physics and past observations suggest that reducing insolation will, on average, cool the Earth. It is uncertain, however, whether SRM can reduce climate change stressors such as sea-level rise or rates of surface air temperature change. Here we use an Earth system model of intermediate complexity to quantify the possible response of sea levels and surface air temperatures to projected climate forcings and SRM strategies. We find that SRM strategies introduce a potentially strong tension between the objectives to reduce (1) the rate of temperature change and (2) sea-level rise. This tension arises primarily because surface air temperatures respond faster to radiative forcings than sea levels. Our results show that the forcing required to stop sea-level rise could cause a rapid cooling with a rate similar to the peak business-as-usual warming rate. Furthermore, termination of SRM was found to produce warming rates up to five times greater than the maximum rates under the business-as-usual CO 2 scenario, whereas sea-level rise rates were only 30% higher. Reducing these risks requires a slow phase-out of many decades and thus commits future generations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-100
Number of pages4
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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global warming
solar radiation
management
air
surface temperature
air temperature
climate change
warming
sea level
system model
climate forcing
radiative forcing
insolation
physics
rate
sea level rise
climate
sea surface
scenario
cause

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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Tension between reducing sea-level rise and global warming through solar-radiation management. / Irvine, P. J.; Sriver, R. L.; Keller, K.

In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 2, No. 2, 01.02.2012, p. 97-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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