Some new statistics are proposed to test the uniformity of random samples in the multidimensional unit cube [0, 1]d (d ≥ 2). These statistics are derived from number-theoretic or quasi-Monte Carlo methods for measuring the discrepancy of points in [0, 1]d. Under the null hypothesis that the samples are independent and identically distributed with a uniform distribution in [0, 1]d, we obtain some asymptotic properties of the new statistics. By Monte Carlo simulation, it is found that the finite-sample distributions of the new statistics are well approximated by the standard normal distribution, N(0, 1), or the chi-squared distribution, χ2(2). A power study is performed, and possible applications of the new statistics to testing general multivariate goodness-of-fit problems are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Algebra and Number Theory
- Computational Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics