Testing piezoelectric sensors in a nuclear reactor environment

Brian T. Reinhardt, Andy Suprock, Bernhard Tittmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE) programs, such as the Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD), Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC), Light Water Reactor Sustainability, and Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants (NGNP), are investigating new fuels, materials, and inspection paradigms for advanced and existing reactors. A key objective of such programs is to understand the performance of these fuels and materials during irradiation. In DOE-NE's FCRD program, ultrasonic based technology was identified as a key approach that should be pursued to obtain the high-fidelity, high-accuracy data required to characterize the behavior and performance of new candidate fuels and structural materials during irradiation testing. The radiation, high temperatures, and pressure can limit the available tools and characterization methods. In this work piezoelectric transducers capable of making these measurements are developed. Specifically, three piezoelectric sensors (Bismuth Titanate, Aluminum Nitride, and Zinc Oxide) are tested in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research reactor to a fast neutron fluence of 8.65×1020 nf/cm2. It is demonstrated that Bismuth Titanate is capable of transduction up to 5 × 1020 nf/cm2, Zinc Oxide is capable of transduction up to at least 6.27 × 1020 nf/cm2, and Aluminum Nitride is capable of transduction up to at least 8.65 × 1020 nf/cm2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication43rd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 36
EditorsLeonard J. Bond, Dale E. Chimenti
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414747
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2017
Event43rd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2016 - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2016Jul 22 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1806
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other43rd Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2016
CountryUnited States
CityAtlanta
Period7/17/167/22/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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