Testosterone and Child and Adolescent Adjustment: The Moderating Role of Parent-Child Relationships

Alan Booth, David R. Johnson, Douglas A. Granger, Ann C. Crouter, Susan Marie McHale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a sample of established middle- and working-class families with normally developing children and adolescents ranging in age from 6 to 18 years, sons' and daughters' testosterone levels showed little direct connection to risk behavior or symptoms of depression. In contrast, testosterone's positive relation with risk behavior and negative relation with depression were conditional on the quality of parent-child relations. As parent-child relationship quality increased, testosterone-related adjustment problems were less evident. When relationship quality decreased, testosterone-linked risk-taking behavior and symptoms of depression were more in evidence. Few relations were found between parents' testosterone and child behavior. Boys' and girls' ages and stages of pubertal development were important for understanding the expression of hormone-related problem behavior in some cases but not in others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-98
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

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Parent-Child Relations
Social Adjustment
parent-child relationship
Testosterone
adolescent
risk behavior
Risk-Taking
parents
Depression
Nuclear Family
working class
middle class
Child Behavior
Parents
evidence
Hormones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Booth, Alan ; Johnson, David R. ; Granger, Douglas A. ; Crouter, Ann C. ; McHale, Susan Marie. / Testosterone and Child and Adolescent Adjustment : The Moderating Role of Parent-Child Relationships. In: Developmental psychology. 2003 ; Vol. 39, No. 1. pp. 85-98.
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Testosterone and Child and Adolescent Adjustment : The Moderating Role of Parent-Child Relationships. / Booth, Alan; Johnson, David R.; Granger, Douglas A.; Crouter, Ann C.; McHale, Susan Marie.

In: Developmental psychology, Vol. 39, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 85-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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