Texture measurements in 〈001〉 fiber-oriented PMN-PT

Kristen H. Brosnan, Gary Lynn Messing, Richard Joseph Meyer, Jr., Mark D. Vaudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Textured (1-x)(Mg 13Nb 23)O 3-xPbTiO 3 (PMN-PT) ceramics obtained by the templated grain growth process possess a significant fraction of the piezoelectric properties of Bridgman-grown single crystals at a fraction of the cost. However, for integration of these materials into transducer and actuator designs, a more comprehensive characterization of texture quality than possible with Lotgering analysis is needed. In this study, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron backscatter diffraction techniques were used to characterize the fiber texture in 〈001〉-oriented PMN-28PT. The March-Dollase equation was fitted to the intensity data to describe the texture in terms of the texture fraction, f, and the degree of texture of the oriented fraction using the March parameter, r. Although each of the techniques used was quantitatively in agreement, XRD rocking curve collection and analysis was the most time-efficient technique for making a comprehensive measurement of texture (f=0.69, r=0.29, FWHM=13.9°) for fiber-oriented PMN-28PT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1965-1971
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

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Textures
Fibers
X ray diffraction
Full width at half maximum
Grain growth
Electron diffraction
Transducers
Actuators
Single crystals
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

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abstract = "Textured (1-x)(Mg 13Nb 23)O 3-xPbTiO 3 (PMN-PT) ceramics obtained by the templated grain growth process possess a significant fraction of the piezoelectric properties of Bridgman-grown single crystals at a fraction of the cost. However, for integration of these materials into transducer and actuator designs, a more comprehensive characterization of texture quality than possible with Lotgering analysis is needed. In this study, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron backscatter diffraction techniques were used to characterize the fiber texture in 〈001〉-oriented PMN-28PT. The March-Dollase equation was fitted to the intensity data to describe the texture in terms of the texture fraction, f, and the degree of texture of the oriented fraction using the March parameter, r. Although each of the techniques used was quantitatively in agreement, XRD rocking curve collection and analysis was the most time-efficient technique for making a comprehensive measurement of texture (f=0.69, r=0.29, FWHM=13.9°) for fiber-oriented PMN-28PT.",
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Texture measurements in 〈001〉 fiber-oriented PMN-PT. / Brosnan, Kristen H.; Messing, Gary Lynn; Meyer, Jr., Richard Joseph; Vaudin, Mark D.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 89, No. 6, 06.2006, p. 1965-1971.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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