A nearly pure 2223 phase of the ceramic superconductor Bi1.8Pb0.3Sb0.1Sr2Ca2Cu3O10-δ was obtained by solid-state reaction in air. The samples showed a semiconducting behavior when the temperature was higher than 140 K. The electrical resistance began to drop at 140 K and went to zero at 92 K. Their a.c. magnetic susceptibility showed two transitions at 130 and 89 K, but the 110 K transition was absent. These transitions were stable during cycling for three times from 77 K to room temperature. X-ray diffraction revealed that there was no 2212 or 2201 phase in these samples but only a small amount of monoclinic phase before and after cycling from 77 K to room temperature. SEM images showed that the grains of the monoclinic phase segregated on the surface of the sample and at the grain boundaries inside the sample, which is the reason for the sample's poor superconductivity and the decrease in zero resistance. Evidence from TEM and SEM equipped with a wavelength dispersive meter indicated distortion of the 2223 phase. These distorted 2223 crystals may be responsible for the 130 K superconductivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)