The 50cc Penn State left ventricular assist device: A parametric study of valve orientation flow dynamics

James W. Kreider, Keefe B. Manning, Leslie A. Oley, Arnold A. Fontaine, Steven Deutsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the flow fields associated with the Bjork-Shiley Monostrut mechanical heart valve in the mitral position of the 50 cc Penn State left ventricular assist device. The valve orientation was adjusted whereby flow field data was collected using planar particle image velocimetry. The mitral valve was rotated from 0 to 45 degrees, in 15-degree increments. For each valve orientation, measurements were made in three planes (3, 5, and 8 mm from the front wall) parallel to the device pusher plate. Penetration of the inlet jet was affected by the valve orientation with more intense and longer duration wall washing motion occurring at 45 degrees. As a result, the 45-degree mitral valve orientation is recommended to help prevent areas of thrombus deposition. Valve orientation is an important aspect of assist device design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalASAIO Journal
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Fingerprint

Left ventricular assist devices
Heart-Assist Devices
Mitral Valve
Flow fields
Equipment Design
Rheology
Heart Valves
Washing
Velocity measurement
Thrombosis
Equipment and Supplies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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The 50cc Penn State left ventricular assist device : A parametric study of valve orientation flow dynamics. / Kreider, James W.; Manning, Keefe B.; Oley, Leslie A.; Fontaine, Arnold A.; Deutsch, Steven.

In: ASAIO Journal, Vol. 52, No. 2, 01.03.2006, p. 123-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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