The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724

E. Berger, P. A. Price, S. B. Cenko, A. Gal-Yam, A. M. Soderberg, M. Kasliwal, D. C. Leonard, P. B. Cameron, D. A. Frail, S. R. Kulkarni, D. C. Murphy, W. Krzeminski, T. Piran, B. L. Lee, K. C. Roth, D. S. Moon, D. B. Fox, F. A. Harrison, S. E. Persson, B. P. SchmidtB. E. Penprase, J. Rich, B. A. Peterson, L. L. Cowie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Despite a rich phenomenology, γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are divided 1 into two classes based on their duration and spectral hardness - the long-soft and the short-hard bursts. The discovery of afterglow emission from long GRBs was a watershed event, pinpointing2 their origin to star-forming galaxies, and hence the death of massive stars, and indicating 3 an energy release of about 1051 erg. While theoretical arguments4 suggest that short GRBs are produced in the coalescence of binary compact objects (neutron stars or black holes), the progenitors, energetics and environments of these events remain elusive despite recent 5-8 localizations. Here we report the discovery of the first radio afterglow from the short burst GRB 050724, which unambiguously associates it with an elliptical galaxy at a redshift9 z = 0.257. We show that the burst is powered by the same relativistic fireball mechanism as long GRBs, with the ejecta possibly collimated in jets, but that the total energy release is 10-1,000 times smaller. More importantly, the nature of the host galaxy demonstrates that short GRBs arise from an old (>1 Gyr) stellar population, strengthening earlier suggestions5,6 and providing support for coalescing compact object binaries as the progenitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)988-990
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume438
Issue number7070
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2005

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Galaxies
Neutrons
Hardness
Radio
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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Berger, E., Price, P. A., Cenko, S. B., Gal-Yam, A., Soderberg, A. M., Kasliwal, M., ... Cowie, L. L. (2005). The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724. Nature, 438(7070), 988-990. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04238
Berger, E. ; Price, P. A. ; Cenko, S. B. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Soderberg, A. M. ; Kasliwal, M. ; Leonard, D. C. ; Cameron, P. B. ; Frail, D. A. ; Kulkarni, S. R. ; Murphy, D. C. ; Krzeminski, W. ; Piran, T. ; Lee, B. L. ; Roth, K. C. ; Moon, D. S. ; Fox, D. B. ; Harrison, F. A. ; Persson, S. E. ; Schmidt, B. P. ; Penprase, B. E. ; Rich, J. ; Peterson, B. A. ; Cowie, L. L. / The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724. In: Nature. 2005 ; Vol. 438, No. 7070. pp. 988-990.
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abstract = "Despite a rich phenomenology, γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are divided 1 into two classes based on their duration and spectral hardness - the long-soft and the short-hard bursts. The discovery of afterglow emission from long GRBs was a watershed event, pinpointing2 their origin to star-forming galaxies, and hence the death of massive stars, and indicating 3 an energy release of about 1051 erg. While theoretical arguments4 suggest that short GRBs are produced in the coalescence of binary compact objects (neutron stars or black holes), the progenitors, energetics and environments of these events remain elusive despite recent 5-8 localizations. Here we report the discovery of the first radio afterglow from the short burst GRB 050724, which unambiguously associates it with an elliptical galaxy at a redshift9 z = 0.257. We show that the burst is powered by the same relativistic fireball mechanism as long GRBs, with the ejecta possibly collimated in jets, but that the total energy release is 10-1,000 times smaller. More importantly, the nature of the host galaxy demonstrates that short GRBs arise from an old (>1 Gyr) stellar population, strengthening earlier suggestions5,6 and providing support for coalescing compact object binaries as the progenitors.",
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Berger, E, Price, PA, Cenko, SB, Gal-Yam, A, Soderberg, AM, Kasliwal, M, Leonard, DC, Cameron, PB, Frail, DA, Kulkarni, SR, Murphy, DC, Krzeminski, W, Piran, T, Lee, BL, Roth, KC, Moon, DS, Fox, DB, Harrison, FA, Persson, SE, Schmidt, BP, Penprase, BE, Rich, J, Peterson, BA & Cowie, LL 2005, 'The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724', Nature, vol. 438, no. 7070, pp. 988-990. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04238

The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724. / Berger, E.; Price, P. A.; Cenko, S. B.; Gal-Yam, A.; Soderberg, A. M.; Kasliwal, M.; Leonard, D. C.; Cameron, P. B.; Frail, D. A.; Kulkarni, S. R.; Murphy, D. C.; Krzeminski, W.; Piran, T.; Lee, B. L.; Roth, K. C.; Moon, D. S.; Fox, D. B.; Harrison, F. A.; Persson, S. E.; Schmidt, B. P.; Penprase, B. E.; Rich, J.; Peterson, B. A.; Cowie, L. L.

In: Nature, Vol. 438, No. 7070, 15.12.2005, p. 988-990.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724

AU - Berger, E.

AU - Price, P. A.

AU - Cenko, S. B.

AU - Gal-Yam, A.

AU - Soderberg, A. M.

AU - Kasliwal, M.

AU - Leonard, D. C.

AU - Cameron, P. B.

AU - Frail, D. A.

AU - Kulkarni, S. R.

AU - Murphy, D. C.

AU - Krzeminski, W.

AU - Piran, T.

AU - Lee, B. L.

AU - Roth, K. C.

AU - Moon, D. S.

AU - Fox, D. B.

AU - Harrison, F. A.

AU - Persson, S. E.

AU - Schmidt, B. P.

AU - Penprase, B. E.

AU - Rich, J.

AU - Peterson, B. A.

AU - Cowie, L. L.

PY - 2005/12/15

Y1 - 2005/12/15

N2 - Despite a rich phenomenology, γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are divided 1 into two classes based on their duration and spectral hardness - the long-soft and the short-hard bursts. The discovery of afterglow emission from long GRBs was a watershed event, pinpointing2 their origin to star-forming galaxies, and hence the death of massive stars, and indicating 3 an energy release of about 1051 erg. While theoretical arguments4 suggest that short GRBs are produced in the coalescence of binary compact objects (neutron stars or black holes), the progenitors, energetics and environments of these events remain elusive despite recent 5-8 localizations. Here we report the discovery of the first radio afterglow from the short burst GRB 050724, which unambiguously associates it with an elliptical galaxy at a redshift9 z = 0.257. We show that the burst is powered by the same relativistic fireball mechanism as long GRBs, with the ejecta possibly collimated in jets, but that the total energy release is 10-1,000 times smaller. More importantly, the nature of the host galaxy demonstrates that short GRBs arise from an old (>1 Gyr) stellar population, strengthening earlier suggestions5,6 and providing support for coalescing compact object binaries as the progenitors.

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Berger E, Price PA, Cenko SB, Gal-Yam A, Soderberg AM, Kasliwal M et al. The afterglow and elliptical host galaxy of the short γ-ray burst GRB 050724. Nature. 2005 Dec 15;438(7070):988-990. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04238