The anti-inflammatory effects of dietary anthocyanins against ulcerative colitis

Shiyu Li, Binning Wu, Wenyi Fu, Lavanya Reddivari

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis (UC), which is a major form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is a chronic relapsing disorder of the gastrointestinal tract affecting millions of people worldwide. Alternative natural therapies, including dietary changes, are being investigated to manage or treat UC since current treatment options have serious negative side effects. There is growing evidence from animal studies and human clinical trials that diets rich in anthocyanins, which are pigments in fruits and vegetables, protect against inflammation and increased gut permeability as well as improve colon health through their ability to alter bacterial metabolism and the microbial milieu within the intestines. In this review, the structure and bioactivity of anthocyanins, the role of inflammation and gut bacterial dysbiosis in UC pathogenesis, and their regulation by the dietary anthocyanins are discussed, which suggests the feasibility of dietary strategies for UC mitigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2588
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2019

Fingerprint

Anthocyanins
pathogenesis
diets
intestines
vegetables
fruits
metabolism
pigments
Ulcerative Colitis
health
animals
therapy
permeability
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
disorders
Dysbiosis
Vegetables
Nutrition
Fruits
Bioactivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Li, Shiyu ; Wu, Binning ; Fu, Wenyi ; Reddivari, Lavanya. / The anti-inflammatory effects of dietary anthocyanins against ulcerative colitis. In: International journal of molecular sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 10.
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The anti-inflammatory effects of dietary anthocyanins against ulcerative colitis. / Li, Shiyu; Wu, Binning; Fu, Wenyi; Reddivari, Lavanya.

In: International journal of molecular sciences, Vol. 20, No. 10, 2588, 02.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AB - Ulcerative colitis (UC), which is a major form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), is a chronic relapsing disorder of the gastrointestinal tract affecting millions of people worldwide. Alternative natural therapies, including dietary changes, are being investigated to manage or treat UC since current treatment options have serious negative side effects. There is growing evidence from animal studies and human clinical trials that diets rich in anthocyanins, which are pigments in fruits and vegetables, protect against inflammation and increased gut permeability as well as improve colon health through their ability to alter bacterial metabolism and the microbial milieu within the intestines. In this review, the structure and bioactivity of anthocyanins, the role of inflammation and gut bacterial dysbiosis in UC pathogenesis, and their regulation by the dietary anthocyanins are discussed, which suggests the feasibility of dietary strategies for UC mitigation.

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