The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE)

Steven R. Majewski, Ricardo P. Schiavon, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Carlos Allende Prieto, Robert Barkhouser, Dmitry Bizyaev, Basil Blank, Sophia Brunner, Adam Burton, Ricardo Carrera, S. Drew Chojnowski, Kátia Cunha, Courtney Epstein, Greg Fitzgerald, Ana E.Garca Pérez, Fred R. Hearty, Chuck Henderson, Jon A. Holtzman, Jennifer A. Johnson, Charles R. LamJames E. Lawler, Paul Maseman, Szabolcs Mészáros, Matthew Nelson, Duy Coung Nguyen, David L. Nidever, Marc Pinsonneault, Matthew Shetrone, Stephen Smee, Verne V. Smith, Todd Stolberg, Michael F. Skrutskie, Eric Walker, John C. Wilson, Gail Zasowski, Friedrich Anders, Sarbani Basu, Stephane Beland, Michael R. Blanton, Jo Bovy, Joel R. Brownstein, Joleen Carlberg, William Chaplin, Cristina Chiappini, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Yvonne Elsworth, Diane Feuillet, Scott W. Fleming, Jessica Galbraith-Frew, Rafael A. Garca, D. Anbal Garca-Hernández, Bruce A. Gillespie, Léo Girardi, James E. Gunn, Sten Hasselquist, Michael R. Hayden, Saskia Hekker, Inese Ivans, Karen Kinemuchi, Mark Klaene, Suvrath Mahadevan, Savita Mathur, Benot Mosser, Demitri Muna, Jeffrey A. Munn, Robert C. Nichol, Robert W. O'Connell, John K. Parejko, A. C. Robin, Helio Rocha-Pinto, Matthias Schultheis, Aldo M. Serenelli, Neville Shane, Victor Silva Aguirre, Jennifer S. Sobeck, Benjamin Thompson, Nicholas W. Troup, David H. Weinberg, Olga Zamora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

255 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), one of the programs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), has now completed its systematic, homogeneous spectroscopic survey sampling all major populations of the Milky Way. After a three-year observing campaign on the Sloan 2.5 m Telescope, APOGEE has collected a half million high-resolution (R ∼ 22,500), high signal-to-noise ratio (>100), infrared (1.51-1.70 μm) spectra for 146,000 stars, with time series information via repeat visits to most of these stars. This paper describes the motivations for the survey and its overall design - hardware, field placement, target selection, operations - and gives an overview of these aspects as well as the data reduction, analysis, and products. An index is also given to the complement of technical papers that describe various critical survey components in detail. Finally, we discuss the achieved survey performance and illustrate the variety of potential uses of the data products by way of a number of science demonstrations, which span from time series analysis of stellar spectral variations and radial velocity variations from stellar companions, to spatial maps of kinematics, metallicity, and abundance patterns across the Galaxy and as a function of age, to new views of the interstellar medium, the chemistry of star clusters, and the discovery of rare stellar species. As part of SDSS-III Data Release 12 and later releases, all of the APOGEE data products are publicly available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume154
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

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galactic evolution
observatories
observatory
data products
experiment
stars
time series analysis
data reduction
star clusters
radial velocity
complement
metallicity
hardware
signal to noise ratios
kinematics
sampling
telescopes
chemistry
galaxies
rare species

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Majewski, S. R., Schiavon, R. P., Frinchaboy, P. M., Prieto, C. A., Barkhouser, R., Bizyaev, D., ... Zamora, O. (2017). The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). Astronomical Journal, 154(3), [94]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aa784d
Majewski, Steven R. ; Schiavon, Ricardo P. ; Frinchaboy, Peter M. ; Prieto, Carlos Allende ; Barkhouser, Robert ; Bizyaev, Dmitry ; Blank, Basil ; Brunner, Sophia ; Burton, Adam ; Carrera, Ricardo ; Chojnowski, S. Drew ; Cunha, Kátia ; Epstein, Courtney ; Fitzgerald, Greg ; Pérez, Ana E.Garca ; Hearty, Fred R. ; Henderson, Chuck ; Holtzman, Jon A. ; Johnson, Jennifer A. ; Lam, Charles R. ; Lawler, James E. ; Maseman, Paul ; Mészáros, Szabolcs ; Nelson, Matthew ; Nguyen, Duy Coung ; Nidever, David L. ; Pinsonneault, Marc ; Shetrone, Matthew ; Smee, Stephen ; Smith, Verne V. ; Stolberg, Todd ; Skrutskie, Michael F. ; Walker, Eric ; Wilson, John C. ; Zasowski, Gail ; Anders, Friedrich ; Basu, Sarbani ; Beland, Stephane ; Blanton, Michael R. ; Bovy, Jo ; Brownstein, Joel R. ; Carlberg, Joleen ; Chaplin, William ; Chiappini, Cristina ; Eisenstein, Daniel J. ; Elsworth, Yvonne ; Feuillet, Diane ; Fleming, Scott W. ; Galbraith-Frew, Jessica ; Garca, Rafael A. ; Garca-Hernández, D. Anbal ; Gillespie, Bruce A. ; Girardi, Léo ; Gunn, James E. ; Hasselquist, Sten ; Hayden, Michael R. ; Hekker, Saskia ; Ivans, Inese ; Kinemuchi, Karen ; Klaene, Mark ; Mahadevan, Suvrath ; Mathur, Savita ; Mosser, Benot ; Muna, Demitri ; Munn, Jeffrey A. ; Nichol, Robert C. ; O'Connell, Robert W. ; Parejko, John K. ; Robin, A. C. ; Rocha-Pinto, Helio ; Schultheis, Matthias ; Serenelli, Aldo M. ; Shane, Neville ; Aguirre, Victor Silva ; Sobeck, Jennifer S. ; Thompson, Benjamin ; Troup, Nicholas W. ; Weinberg, David H. ; Zamora, Olga. / The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). In: Astronomical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 154, No. 3.
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abstract = "The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), one of the programs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), has now completed its systematic, homogeneous spectroscopic survey sampling all major populations of the Milky Way. After a three-year observing campaign on the Sloan 2.5 m Telescope, APOGEE has collected a half million high-resolution (R ∼ 22,500), high signal-to-noise ratio (>100), infrared (1.51-1.70 μm) spectra for 146,000 stars, with time series information via repeat visits to most of these stars. This paper describes the motivations for the survey and its overall design - hardware, field placement, target selection, operations - and gives an overview of these aspects as well as the data reduction, analysis, and products. An index is also given to the complement of technical papers that describe various critical survey components in detail. Finally, we discuss the achieved survey performance and illustrate the variety of potential uses of the data products by way of a number of science demonstrations, which span from time series analysis of stellar spectral variations and radial velocity variations from stellar companions, to spatial maps of kinematics, metallicity, and abundance patterns across the Galaxy and as a function of age, to new views of the interstellar medium, the chemistry of star clusters, and the discovery of rare stellar species. As part of SDSS-III Data Release 12 and later releases, all of the APOGEE data products are publicly available.",
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Majewski, SR, Schiavon, RP, Frinchaboy, PM, Prieto, CA, Barkhouser, R, Bizyaev, D, Blank, B, Brunner, S, Burton, A, Carrera, R, Chojnowski, SD, Cunha, K, Epstein, C, Fitzgerald, G, Pérez, AEG, Hearty, FR, Henderson, C, Holtzman, JA, Johnson, JA, Lam, CR, Lawler, JE, Maseman, P, Mészáros, S, Nelson, M, Nguyen, DC, Nidever, DL, Pinsonneault, M, Shetrone, M, Smee, S, Smith, VV, Stolberg, T, Skrutskie, MF, Walker, E, Wilson, JC, Zasowski, G, Anders, F, Basu, S, Beland, S, Blanton, MR, Bovy, J, Brownstein, JR, Carlberg, J, Chaplin, W, Chiappini, C, Eisenstein, DJ, Elsworth, Y, Feuillet, D, Fleming, SW, Galbraith-Frew, J, Garca, RA, Garca-Hernández, DA, Gillespie, BA, Girardi, L, Gunn, JE, Hasselquist, S, Hayden, MR, Hekker, S, Ivans, I, Kinemuchi, K, Klaene, M, Mahadevan, S, Mathur, S, Mosser, B, Muna, D, Munn, JA, Nichol, RC, O'Connell, RW, Parejko, JK, Robin, AC, Rocha-Pinto, H, Schultheis, M, Serenelli, AM, Shane, N, Aguirre, VS, Sobeck, JS, Thompson, B, Troup, NW, Weinberg, DH & Zamora, O 2017, 'The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE)', Astronomical Journal, vol. 154, no. 3, 94. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aa784d

The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). / Majewski, Steven R.; Schiavon, Ricardo P.; Frinchaboy, Peter M.; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Barkhouser, Robert; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Blank, Basil; Brunner, Sophia; Burton, Adam; Carrera, Ricardo; Chojnowski, S. Drew; Cunha, Kátia; Epstein, Courtney; Fitzgerald, Greg; Pérez, Ana E.Garca; Hearty, Fred R.; Henderson, Chuck; Holtzman, Jon A.; Johnson, Jennifer A.; Lam, Charles R.; Lawler, James E.; Maseman, Paul; Mészáros, Szabolcs; Nelson, Matthew; Nguyen, Duy Coung; Nidever, David L.; Pinsonneault, Marc; Shetrone, Matthew; Smee, Stephen; Smith, Verne V.; Stolberg, Todd; Skrutskie, Michael F.; Walker, Eric; Wilson, John C.; Zasowski, Gail; Anders, Friedrich; Basu, Sarbani; Beland, Stephane; Blanton, Michael R.; Bovy, Jo; Brownstein, Joel R.; Carlberg, Joleen; Chaplin, William; Chiappini, Cristina; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Elsworth, Yvonne; Feuillet, Diane; Fleming, Scott W.; Galbraith-Frew, Jessica; Garca, Rafael A.; Garca-Hernández, D. Anbal; Gillespie, Bruce A.; Girardi, Léo; Gunn, James E.; Hasselquist, Sten; Hayden, Michael R.; Hekker, Saskia; Ivans, Inese; Kinemuchi, Karen; Klaene, Mark; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Mathur, Savita; Mosser, Benot; Muna, Demitri; Munn, Jeffrey A.; Nichol, Robert C.; O'Connell, Robert W.; Parejko, John K.; Robin, A. C.; Rocha-Pinto, Helio; Schultheis, Matthias; Serenelli, Aldo M.; Shane, Neville; Aguirre, Victor Silva; Sobeck, Jennifer S.; Thompson, Benjamin; Troup, Nicholas W.; Weinberg, David H.; Zamora, Olga.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 154, No. 3, 94, 09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE)

AU - Majewski, Steven R.

AU - Schiavon, Ricardo P.

AU - Frinchaboy, Peter M.

AU - Prieto, Carlos Allende

AU - Barkhouser, Robert

AU - Bizyaev, Dmitry

AU - Blank, Basil

AU - Brunner, Sophia

AU - Burton, Adam

AU - Carrera, Ricardo

AU - Chojnowski, S. Drew

AU - Cunha, Kátia

AU - Epstein, Courtney

AU - Fitzgerald, Greg

AU - Pérez, Ana E.Garca

AU - Hearty, Fred R.

AU - Henderson, Chuck

AU - Holtzman, Jon A.

AU - Johnson, Jennifer A.

AU - Lam, Charles R.

AU - Lawler, James E.

AU - Maseman, Paul

AU - Mészáros, Szabolcs

AU - Nelson, Matthew

AU - Nguyen, Duy Coung

AU - Nidever, David L.

AU - Pinsonneault, Marc

AU - Shetrone, Matthew

AU - Smee, Stephen

AU - Smith, Verne V.

AU - Stolberg, Todd

AU - Skrutskie, Michael F.

AU - Walker, Eric

AU - Wilson, John C.

AU - Zasowski, Gail

AU - Anders, Friedrich

AU - Basu, Sarbani

AU - Beland, Stephane

AU - Blanton, Michael R.

AU - Bovy, Jo

AU - Brownstein, Joel R.

AU - Carlberg, Joleen

AU - Chaplin, William

AU - Chiappini, Cristina

AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

AU - Elsworth, Yvonne

AU - Feuillet, Diane

AU - Fleming, Scott W.

AU - Galbraith-Frew, Jessica

AU - Garca, Rafael A.

AU - Garca-Hernández, D. Anbal

AU - Gillespie, Bruce A.

AU - Girardi, Léo

AU - Gunn, James E.

AU - Hasselquist, Sten

AU - Hayden, Michael R.

AU - Hekker, Saskia

AU - Ivans, Inese

AU - Kinemuchi, Karen

AU - Klaene, Mark

AU - Mahadevan, Suvrath

AU - Mathur, Savita

AU - Mosser, Benot

AU - Muna, Demitri

AU - Munn, Jeffrey A.

AU - Nichol, Robert C.

AU - O'Connell, Robert W.

AU - Parejko, John K.

AU - Robin, A. C.

AU - Rocha-Pinto, Helio

AU - Schultheis, Matthias

AU - Serenelli, Aldo M.

AU - Shane, Neville

AU - Aguirre, Victor Silva

AU - Sobeck, Jennifer S.

AU - Thompson, Benjamin

AU - Troup, Nicholas W.

AU - Weinberg, David H.

AU - Zamora, Olga

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), one of the programs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), has now completed its systematic, homogeneous spectroscopic survey sampling all major populations of the Milky Way. After a three-year observing campaign on the Sloan 2.5 m Telescope, APOGEE has collected a half million high-resolution (R ∼ 22,500), high signal-to-noise ratio (>100), infrared (1.51-1.70 μm) spectra for 146,000 stars, with time series information via repeat visits to most of these stars. This paper describes the motivations for the survey and its overall design - hardware, field placement, target selection, operations - and gives an overview of these aspects as well as the data reduction, analysis, and products. An index is also given to the complement of technical papers that describe various critical survey components in detail. Finally, we discuss the achieved survey performance and illustrate the variety of potential uses of the data products by way of a number of science demonstrations, which span from time series analysis of stellar spectral variations and radial velocity variations from stellar companions, to spatial maps of kinematics, metallicity, and abundance patterns across the Galaxy and as a function of age, to new views of the interstellar medium, the chemistry of star clusters, and the discovery of rare stellar species. As part of SDSS-III Data Release 12 and later releases, all of the APOGEE data products are publicly available.

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Majewski SR, Schiavon RP, Frinchaboy PM, Prieto CA, Barkhouser R, Bizyaev D et al. The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). Astronomical Journal. 2017 Sep;154(3). 94. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aa784d