Diagnostik und Verlauf von kognitiven Fähigkeiten bei älteren Menschen

Translated title of the contribution: The assessment and course of development of cognitive abilities in the elderly

Mark Kurt Stemmler, F. Petermann, M. Daseking, J. Siebert, H. Schott, H. Lehfeld, R. Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The assessment of the appropriate level of development in children belongs to the standard duties of physicians in the public health system. Due to a steady increase of dementia in Germany the assessment of cognitive abilities of the elderly is becoming more and more the focus of future activities. Such an assessment of cognitive functioning reveals whether the respective person is aging normally or whether the impaired cognitive functioning is probably based on a pathological process. Objective: The aim of the present study is to present cognitive changes in the aged and 2 psychometric tests for the assessment of cognitive functioning: the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) and the Short Cognitive Performance Test (SKT), a test for the assessment of memory impairments and impairment of attention. In addition, similarities and dissimilarities are presented. Methods: As part of a multi-centre study in German-speaking countries the data of 504 cognitively healthy persons between the age of 60 and 90 were tested with the WAIS-IV and the SKT. Results and conclusion: The results revealed a significant cognitive decline in the fluid and crystal intelligence depending on age. Only 2 subtests of the WAIS-IV (General Information and Block Design) showed no significant variation due to age. The SKT scores of memory and attention correlated significantly with almost all subtests of the WAIS-IV. The highest correlations were between the SKT attention score and the WAIS-IV subtests for processing speed, perceptual reasoning and working memory. The decline in cognitive abilities is mainly due to reduced capacities in speed of information processing and working memory.

Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)761-767
Number of pages7
JournalGesundheitswesen
Volume75
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2013

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Aptitude
Intelligence
Short-Term Memory
Pathologic Processes
Child Development
Automatic Data Processing
Psychometrics
Germany
Dementia
Public Health
Physicians
Cognitive Dysfunction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Stemmler, M. K., Petermann, F., Daseking, M., Siebert, J., Schott, H., Lehfeld, H., & Horn, R. (2013). Diagnostik und Verlauf von kognitiven Fähigkeiten bei älteren Menschen. Gesundheitswesen, 75(11), 761-767. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1357164
Stemmler, Mark Kurt ; Petermann, F. ; Daseking, M. ; Siebert, J. ; Schott, H. ; Lehfeld, H. ; Horn, R. / Diagnostik und Verlauf von kognitiven Fähigkeiten bei älteren Menschen. In: Gesundheitswesen. 2013 ; Vol. 75, No. 11. pp. 761-767.
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Stemmler, MK, Petermann, F, Daseking, M, Siebert, J, Schott, H, Lehfeld, H & Horn, R 2013, 'Diagnostik und Verlauf von kognitiven Fähigkeiten bei älteren Menschen', Gesundheitswesen, vol. 75, no. 11, pp. 761-767. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1357164

Diagnostik und Verlauf von kognitiven Fähigkeiten bei älteren Menschen. / Stemmler, Mark Kurt; Petermann, F.; Daseking, M.; Siebert, J.; Schott, H.; Lehfeld, H.; Horn, R.

In: Gesundheitswesen, Vol. 75, No. 11, 25.10.2013, p. 761-767.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Stemmler MK, Petermann F, Daseking M, Siebert J, Schott H, Lehfeld H et al. Diagnostik und Verlauf von kognitiven Fähigkeiten bei älteren Menschen. Gesundheitswesen. 2013 Oct 25;75(11):761-767. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1357164