Methotrexate (MTX), the most commonly used anti-rheumatic drug against RA, enters the cell via the action of the reduced folate carrier 1(RFC1). A major polymorphism of the RFC1 gene, 80G/A, has been reported to influence the activity of RFC1, resulting in variable intracellular MTX-polyglutamate (MTX-PG) levels. However, the association studies addressing the RFC1 80G/A polymorphism and MTX efficacy or toxicity in Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has yielded conflicting results. In the present meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the association between the RFC1 80G/A polymorphism and MTX efficacy or toxicity in RA patients. A total 17 studies met our inclusion criteria. Among them, 12 studies with 2049 subjects reported the association between the RFC1 80G/A and MTX response, and 12 studies involving 2627 subjects were on MTX-related toxicity. Meta-analysis revealed significant association between RFC1 80G/A polymorphism and MTX efficacy (odds ratio (OR) for the A allele = 1.29, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.67, P = 0.02; for AA genotype: OR = 1.49, 95%CI 1.17-1.907, P = 0.001). However, no association could be detected in the analysis of MTX-related toxicity. Stratification by ethnic population also indicated an association between this polymorphism and MTX efficacy in Asian group (P = 0.002 for A allele; P = 0.003 for AA genotype), but not in the Caucasian group (P = 0.15 for A allele; P = 0.05 for AA genotype). In both Asian and Caucasian sub-groups, no influence of the RFC1 80G/A polymorphism on MTX toxicity can be detected. In conclusion, the RFC1 G80A polymorphism is associated with responsiveness to MTX therapy, but may not be associated with MTX toxicity in RA patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy