The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave

S. Campana, V. Mangano, A. J. Blustin, P. Brown, David Nelson Burrows, G. Chincarini, J. R. Cummings, G. Cusumano, M. D. Della Valle, D. Malesani, Peter Istvan Meszaros, John Andrew Nousek, M. Page, T. Sakamoto, E. Waxman, B. Zhang, Z. G. Dai, N. Gehrels, S. Immler, F. E. Marshall & 19 others K. O. Mason, A. Moretti, P. T. O'Brien, J. P. Osborne, K. L. Page, P. Romano, P. W.A. Roming, G. Tagliaferri, L. R. Cominsky, P. Giommi, O. Godet, Jamie A. Kennea, H. Krimm, L. Angelini, S. D. Barthelmy, P. T. Boyd, D. M. Palmer, A. A. Wells, N. E. White

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Abstract

Although the link between long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae has been established, hitherto there have been no observations of the beginning of a supernova explosion and its intimate link to a GRB. In particular, we do not know how the jet that defines a γ-ray burst emerges from the star's surface, nor how a GRB progenitor explodes. Here we report observations of the relatively nearby GRB 060218 (ref. 5) and its connection to supernova SN 2006aj (ref. 6). In addition to the classical non-thermal emission, GRB 060218 shows a thermal component in its X-ray spectrum, which cools and shifts into the optical/ultraviolet band as time passes. We interpret these features as arising from the break-out of a shock wave driven by a mildly relativistic shell into the dense wind surrounding the progenitor. We have caught a supernova in the act of exploding, directly observing the shock break-out, which indicates that the GRB progenitor was a Wolf-Rayet star.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1008-1010
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume442
Issue number7106
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2006

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Explosions
Shock
Hot Temperature
X-Rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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Campana, S., Mangano, V., Blustin, A. J., Brown, P., Burrows, D. N., Chincarini, G., ... White, N. E. (2006). The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave. Nature, 442(7106), 1008-1010. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04892
Campana, S. ; Mangano, V. ; Blustin, A. J. ; Brown, P. ; Burrows, David Nelson ; Chincarini, G. ; Cummings, J. R. ; Cusumano, G. ; Della Valle, M. D. ; Malesani, D. ; Meszaros, Peter Istvan ; Nousek, John Andrew ; Page, M. ; Sakamoto, T. ; Waxman, E. ; Zhang, B. ; Dai, Z. G. ; Gehrels, N. ; Immler, S. ; Marshall, F. E. ; Mason, K. O. ; Moretti, A. ; O'Brien, P. T. ; Osborne, J. P. ; Page, K. L. ; Romano, P. ; Roming, P. W.A. ; Tagliaferri, G. ; Cominsky, L. R. ; Giommi, P. ; Godet, O. ; Kennea, Jamie A. ; Krimm, H. ; Angelini, L. ; Barthelmy, S. D. ; Boyd, P. T. ; Palmer, D. M. ; Wells, A. A. ; White, N. E. / The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave. In: Nature. 2006 ; Vol. 442, No. 7106. pp. 1008-1010.
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abstract = "Although the link between long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae has been established, hitherto there have been no observations of the beginning of a supernova explosion and its intimate link to a GRB. In particular, we do not know how the jet that defines a γ-ray burst emerges from the star's surface, nor how a GRB progenitor explodes. Here we report observations of the relatively nearby GRB 060218 (ref. 5) and its connection to supernova SN 2006aj (ref. 6). In addition to the classical non-thermal emission, GRB 060218 shows a thermal component in its X-ray spectrum, which cools and shifts into the optical/ultraviolet band as time passes. We interpret these features as arising from the break-out of a shock wave driven by a mildly relativistic shell into the dense wind surrounding the progenitor. We have caught a supernova in the act of exploding, directly observing the shock break-out, which indicates that the GRB progenitor was a Wolf-Rayet star.",
author = "S. Campana and V. Mangano and Blustin, {A. J.} and P. Brown and Burrows, {David Nelson} and G. Chincarini and Cummings, {J. R.} and G. Cusumano and {Della Valle}, {M. D.} and D. Malesani and Meszaros, {Peter Istvan} and Nousek, {John Andrew} and M. Page and T. Sakamoto and E. Waxman and B. Zhang and Dai, {Z. G.} and N. Gehrels and S. Immler and Marshall, {F. E.} and Mason, {K. O.} and A. Moretti and O'Brien, {P. T.} and Osborne, {J. P.} and Page, {K. L.} and P. Romano and Roming, {P. W.A.} and G. Tagliaferri and Cominsky, {L. R.} and P. Giommi and O. Godet and Kennea, {Jamie A.} and H. Krimm and L. Angelini and Barthelmy, {S. D.} and Boyd, {P. T.} and Palmer, {D. M.} and Wells, {A. A.} and White, {N. E.}",
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Campana, S, Mangano, V, Blustin, AJ, Brown, P, Burrows, DN, Chincarini, G, Cummings, JR, Cusumano, G, Della Valle, MD, Malesani, D, Meszaros, PI, Nousek, JA, Page, M, Sakamoto, T, Waxman, E, Zhang, B, Dai, ZG, Gehrels, N, Immler, S, Marshall, FE, Mason, KO, Moretti, A, O'Brien, PT, Osborne, JP, Page, KL, Romano, P, Roming, PWA, Tagliaferri, G, Cominsky, LR, Giommi, P, Godet, O, Kennea, JA, Krimm, H, Angelini, L, Barthelmy, SD, Boyd, PT, Palmer, DM, Wells, AA & White, NE 2006, 'The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave', Nature, vol. 442, no. 7106, pp. 1008-1010. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04892

The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave. / Campana, S.; Mangano, V.; Blustin, A. J.; Brown, P.; Burrows, David Nelson; Chincarini, G.; Cummings, J. R.; Cusumano, G.; Della Valle, M. D.; Malesani, D.; Meszaros, Peter Istvan; Nousek, John Andrew; Page, M.; Sakamoto, T.; Waxman, E.; Zhang, B.; Dai, Z. G.; Gehrels, N.; Immler, S.; Marshall, F. E.; Mason, K. O.; Moretti, A.; O'Brien, P. T.; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Romano, P.; Roming, P. W.A.; Tagliaferri, G.; Cominsky, L. R.; Giommi, P.; Godet, O.; Kennea, Jamie A.; Krimm, H.; Angelini, L.; Barthelmy, S. D.; Boyd, P. T.; Palmer, D. M.; Wells, A. A.; White, N. E.

In: Nature, Vol. 442, No. 7106, 31.08.2006, p. 1008-1010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave

AU - Campana, S.

AU - Mangano, V.

AU - Blustin, A. J.

AU - Brown, P.

AU - Burrows, David Nelson

AU - Chincarini, G.

AU - Cummings, J. R.

AU - Cusumano, G.

AU - Della Valle, M. D.

AU - Malesani, D.

AU - Meszaros, Peter Istvan

AU - Nousek, John Andrew

AU - Page, M.

AU - Sakamoto, T.

AU - Waxman, E.

AU - Zhang, B.

AU - Dai, Z. G.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Immler, S.

AU - Marshall, F. E.

AU - Mason, K. O.

AU - Moretti, A.

AU - O'Brien, P. T.

AU - Osborne, J. P.

AU - Page, K. L.

AU - Romano, P.

AU - Roming, P. W.A.

AU - Tagliaferri, G.

AU - Cominsky, L. R.

AU - Giommi, P.

AU - Godet, O.

AU - Kennea, Jamie A.

AU - Krimm, H.

AU - Angelini, L.

AU - Barthelmy, S. D.

AU - Boyd, P. T.

AU - Palmer, D. M.

AU - Wells, A. A.

AU - White, N. E.

PY - 2006/8/31

Y1 - 2006/8/31

N2 - Although the link between long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae has been established, hitherto there have been no observations of the beginning of a supernova explosion and its intimate link to a GRB. In particular, we do not know how the jet that defines a γ-ray burst emerges from the star's surface, nor how a GRB progenitor explodes. Here we report observations of the relatively nearby GRB 060218 (ref. 5) and its connection to supernova SN 2006aj (ref. 6). In addition to the classical non-thermal emission, GRB 060218 shows a thermal component in its X-ray spectrum, which cools and shifts into the optical/ultraviolet band as time passes. We interpret these features as arising from the break-out of a shock wave driven by a mildly relativistic shell into the dense wind surrounding the progenitor. We have caught a supernova in the act of exploding, directly observing the shock break-out, which indicates that the GRB progenitor was a Wolf-Rayet star.

AB - Although the link between long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae has been established, hitherto there have been no observations of the beginning of a supernova explosion and its intimate link to a GRB. In particular, we do not know how the jet that defines a γ-ray burst emerges from the star's surface, nor how a GRB progenitor explodes. Here we report observations of the relatively nearby GRB 060218 (ref. 5) and its connection to supernova SN 2006aj (ref. 6). In addition to the classical non-thermal emission, GRB 060218 shows a thermal component in its X-ray spectrum, which cools and shifts into the optical/ultraviolet band as time passes. We interpret these features as arising from the break-out of a shock wave driven by a mildly relativistic shell into the dense wind surrounding the progenitor. We have caught a supernova in the act of exploding, directly observing the shock break-out, which indicates that the GRB progenitor was a Wolf-Rayet star.

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Campana S, Mangano V, Blustin AJ, Brown P, Burrows DN, Chincarini G et al. The association of GRB 060218 with a supernova and the evolution of the shock wave. Nature. 2006 Aug 31;442(7106):1008-1010. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04892