We report on extragalactic sources detected in a 455 deg2 map of the southern sky made with data at a frequency of 148GHz from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) 2008 observing season. We provide a catalog of 157 sources with flux densities spanning two orders of magnitude: from 15 mJy to 1500 mJy. Comparison to other catalogs shows that 98% of the ACT detections correspond to sources detected at lower radio frequencies. Three of the sources appear to be associated with the brightest cluster galaxies of low-redshift X-ray-selected galaxy clusters. Estimates of the radio to millimeter-wave spectral indices and differential counts of the sources further bolster the hypothesis that they are nearly all radio sources, and that their emission is not dominated by re-emission from warm dust. In a bright (>50 mJy) 148GHz selected sample with complete cross-identifications from the Australia Telescope 20GHz survey, we observe an average steepening of the spectra between 5, 20, and 148GHz with median spectral indices of α5-20 = -0.07 ± 0.06, α20-148 = -0.39 ± 0.04, and α5-148 = -0.20 ± 0.03. When the measured spectral indices are taken into account, the 148GHz differential source counts are consistent with previous measurements at 30 GHz in the context of a source count model dominated by radio sources. Extrapolating with an appropriately rescaled model for the radio source counts, the Poisson contribution to the spatial power spectrum from synchrotron-dominated sources with flux density less than 20 mJy is C Sync = (2.8 ± 0.3) × 10-6μK 2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science