An abstract framework of auxiliary space method is proposed and, as an application, an optimal multigrid technique is developed for general unstructured grids. The auxiliary space method is a (nonnested) two level preconditioning technique based on a simple relaxation scheme (smoother) and an auxiliary space (that may be roughly understood as a nonnested coarser space). An optimal muitigrid preconditioner is then obtained for a discretized partial differential operator defined on an unstructured grid by using an auxiliary space defined on a more structured grid in which a further nested multigrid method can be naturally applied. This new technique makes it possible to apply multigrid methods to general unstructured grids without too much more programming effort than traditional solution methods. Some simple examples are also given to illustrate the abstract theory and for instance the Morley finite element space is used as an auxiliary space to construct a preconditioner for Argyris element for biharmonic equations. Some numerical results are also given to demonstrate the efficiency of using structured grid for auxiliary space to precondition unstructured grids.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Numerical Analysis
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics