The surface presentation of peptides by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules is critical to CD8 + T cell-mediated adaptive immune responses. Aminopeptidases have been linked to the editing of peptides for MHC class I loading, but carboxy-terminal editing is thought to be due to proteasome cleavage. By analysis of wild-type mice and mice genetically deficient in or overexpressing the dipeptidase angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), we have now identified ACE as having a physiological role in the processing of peptides for MHC class I. ACE edited the carboxyl terminus of proteasome-produced MHC class I peptides. The lack of ACE exposed new antigens but also abrogated some self antigens. ACE had substantial effects on the surface expression of MHC class I in a haplotype-dependent manner. We propose a revised model of peptide processing for MHC class I by introducing carboxypeptidase activity into the process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy