The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III baryon oscillation spectroscopic survey: Signs of neutrino mass in current cosmological data sets

Florian Beutler, Shun Saito, Joel R. Brownstein, Chia Hsun Chuang, Antonio J. Cuesta, Will J. Percival, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Donald P. Schneider, Lado Samushia, Ariel G. Sánchez, Hee Jong Seo, Jeremy L. Tinker, Christian Wagner, Benjamin A. Weaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigate the cosmological implications of the latest growth of structure measurement from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) CMASS Data Release 11 with particular focus on the sum of the neutrino masses,Σmν . We examine the robustness of the cosmological constraints from the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) scale, the Alcock-Paczynski effect and redshift-space distortions (DV/rs, FAP, fσ8) of Beutler et al., when introducing a neutrino mass in the power spectrum template.We then discuss how the neutrino mass relaxes discrepancies between the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and other low-redshift measurements within {n-ary logical and} cold dark matter. Combining our cosmological constraints with 9-year WilkinsonMicrowave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP9) yieldsΣmν =0.36 ±0.14 eV (68 per cent c.l.), which represents a 2.6σ preference for non-zero neutrino mass. The significance can be increased to 3.3σ when including weak lensing results and other BAO constraints, yielding Σmν = 0.35 ± 0.10 eV (68 per cent c.l.). However, combining CMASS with Planck data reduces the preference for neutrino mass to ~2σ. When removing the CMB lensing effect in the Planck temperature power spectrum (by marginalizing over AL), we see shifts of ~1σ in σ8 and Ωm, which have a significant effect on the neutrino mass constraints. In the case of CMASS plus Planck without the AL lensing signal, we find a preference for a neutrino mass of Σmν = 0.34 ± 0.14 eV (68 per cent c.l.), in excellent agreement with the WMAP9+CMASS value. The constraint can be tightened to 3.4σ yielding Σmν = 0.36 ± 0.10 eV (68 per cent c.l.) when weak lensing data and other BAO constraints are included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3501-3516
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume444
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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