### Abstract

We explore the cosmological implications of the clustering wedges, Ξ⊥(s) and Ξ {forces}(s), of the CMASS Data Release 9 sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey. These clustering wedges are defined by averaging the full two-dimensional correlation function, Ξ (μ, s), over the ranges 0 < μ < 0.5 and 0.5 < μ < 1, respectively. These measurements allow us to constrain the parameter combinations D_{A}(z)/r_{s}(z_{d}) = 9.03 ± 0.21 and c_{z}/(r_{s}(z_{d})H(z)) = 12.14 ± 0.43 at the mean redshift of the sample, z = 0.57. We combine the information from the clustering wedges with recent measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB), baryon acoustic oscillations and Type Ia supernovae to obtain constraints on the cosmological parameters of the standard δcold dark matter (δCDM) model and a number of potential extensions. The information encoded in the clustering wedges is most useful when the dark energy equation of state is allowed to deviate from its standard δCDM value. The combination of all data sets shows no evidence of a deviation from a constant dark energy equation of state, in which case we find wDE = -1.013 ± 0.064, in complete agreement with a cosmological constant. We explore potential deviations from general relativity (GR) by constraining the growth rate f(z) = d lnD(a)/d ln a, in which case the combination of the CMASS clustering wedges with CMB data implies f (z = 0.57) = 0.719^{+0.092}
_{-0.096}, in accordance with the predictions of GR. Our results clearly illustrate the additional constraining power of anisotropic clustering measurements with respect to that of angle-averaged quantities.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Article number | stt799 |

Pages (from-to) | 1202-1222 |

Number of pages | 21 |

Journal | Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society |

Volume | 433 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jul 1 2013 |

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### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science

### Cite this

*Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society*,

*433*(2), 1202-1222. [stt799]. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt799

}

*Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society*, vol. 433, no. 2, stt799, pp. 1202-1222. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stt799

**The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey : Cosmological constraints from the full shape of the clustering wedges.** / Sá;nchez, Ariel G.; Kazin, Eyal A.; Beutler, Florian; Chuang Chia-Hsun, H.; Cuesta, Antonio J.; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Manera, Marc; Montesano, Francesco; Nichol, Robert C.; Padmanabhan, Nikhil; Percival, Will; Prada, Francisco; Ross, Ashley J.; Schlegel, David J.; Tinker, Jeremy; Tojeiro, Rita; Weinberg, David H.; Xu, Xiaoying; Brinkmann, J.; Brownstein, Joel R.; Schneider, Donald P.; Thomas, Daniel.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The clustering of galaxies in the SDSS-III Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey

T2 - Cosmological constraints from the full shape of the clustering wedges

AU - Sá;nchez, Ariel G.

AU - Kazin, Eyal A.

AU - Beutler, Florian

AU - Chuang Chia-Hsun, H.

AU - Cuesta, Antonio J.

AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

AU - Manera, Marc

AU - Montesano, Francesco

AU - Nichol, Robert C.

AU - Padmanabhan, Nikhil

AU - Percival, Will

AU - Prada, Francisco

AU - Ross, Ashley J.

AU - Schlegel, David J.

AU - Tinker, Jeremy

AU - Tojeiro, Rita

AU - Weinberg, David H.

AU - Xu, Xiaoying

AU - Brinkmann, J.

AU - Brownstein, Joel R.

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - Thomas, Daniel

PY - 2013/7/1

Y1 - 2013/7/1

N2 - We explore the cosmological implications of the clustering wedges, Ξ⊥(s) and Ξ {forces}(s), of the CMASS Data Release 9 sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey. These clustering wedges are defined by averaging the full two-dimensional correlation function, Ξ (μ, s), over the ranges 0 < μ < 0.5 and 0.5 < μ < 1, respectively. These measurements allow us to constrain the parameter combinations DA(z)/rs(zd) = 9.03 ± 0.21 and cz/(rs(zd)H(z)) = 12.14 ± 0.43 at the mean redshift of the sample, z = 0.57. We combine the information from the clustering wedges with recent measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB), baryon acoustic oscillations and Type Ia supernovae to obtain constraints on the cosmological parameters of the standard δcold dark matter (δCDM) model and a number of potential extensions. The information encoded in the clustering wedges is most useful when the dark energy equation of state is allowed to deviate from its standard δCDM value. The combination of all data sets shows no evidence of a deviation from a constant dark energy equation of state, in which case we find wDE = -1.013 ± 0.064, in complete agreement with a cosmological constant. We explore potential deviations from general relativity (GR) by constraining the growth rate f(z) = d lnD(a)/d ln a, in which case the combination of the CMASS clustering wedges with CMB data implies f (z = 0.57) = 0.719+0.092 -0.096, in accordance with the predictions of GR. Our results clearly illustrate the additional constraining power of anisotropic clustering measurements with respect to that of angle-averaged quantities.

AB - We explore the cosmological implications of the clustering wedges, Ξ⊥(s) and Ξ {forces}(s), of the CMASS Data Release 9 sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey. These clustering wedges are defined by averaging the full two-dimensional correlation function, Ξ (μ, s), over the ranges 0 < μ < 0.5 and 0.5 < μ < 1, respectively. These measurements allow us to constrain the parameter combinations DA(z)/rs(zd) = 9.03 ± 0.21 and cz/(rs(zd)H(z)) = 12.14 ± 0.43 at the mean redshift of the sample, z = 0.57. We combine the information from the clustering wedges with recent measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB), baryon acoustic oscillations and Type Ia supernovae to obtain constraints on the cosmological parameters of the standard δcold dark matter (δCDM) model and a number of potential extensions. The information encoded in the clustering wedges is most useful when the dark energy equation of state is allowed to deviate from its standard δCDM value. The combination of all data sets shows no evidence of a deviation from a constant dark energy equation of state, in which case we find wDE = -1.013 ± 0.064, in complete agreement with a cosmological constant. We explore potential deviations from general relativity (GR) by constraining the growth rate f(z) = d lnD(a)/d ln a, in which case the combination of the CMASS clustering wedges with CMB data implies f (z = 0.57) = 0.719+0.092 -0.096, in accordance with the predictions of GR. Our results clearly illustrate the additional constraining power of anisotropic clustering measurements with respect to that of angle-averaged quantities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880411798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880411798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stt799

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stt799

M3 - Article

VL - 433

SP - 1202

EP - 1222

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 2

M1 - stt799

ER -