The Color Of Welfare Sanctioning: Exploring The Individual And Contextual Roles Of Race On Tanf Case Closures And Benefit Reductions

Shannon M. Monnat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article investigates the individual and contextual roles of race on welfare sanctions: benefit cuts for failing to comply with work or other behavioral requirements under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. Using six years of federal administrative data, I advance previous welfare research by providing a nationally representative analysis of participant-, county-, and state-level predictors of welfare sanctioning. Using theories of racial classification, racialized social systems, and racial threat as guiding frameworks, I find that black and Latina women are at a greater risk of being sanctioned than white women. Further, although odds of a sanction are slightly reduced for black women living in counties with greater percentages of blacks, the opposite holds for Latinas, who are at an increased risk of being sanctioned in counties with greater percentages of Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-707
Number of pages30
JournalSociological Quarterly
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

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