The contagion of democracy through international networks

Skyler J. Cranmer, Bruce A. Desmarais, Benjamin W. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Work on democratization typically considers the diffusion of democracy through interstate partnerships. However, such partnerships constitute complex networks that scholars have yet to fully explore as vectors for the spread of democracy. We develop a network theory of democratization which characterizes these networks as epistemic communities that influence elites’ attitudes towards favorable regime types. Our theory predicts, and our empirical strategy confirms, that direct and indirect ties in the alliance network are vectors for democratization. In contrast to conventional wisdom, we find that direct influence is only transmitted through the defensive alliance network and find evidence of higher-order effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-98
Number of pages12
JournalSocial Networks
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

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