The continuing relevance of family income for religious participation: U.S. white catholic church attendance in the late 20 th century

Philip Schwadel, John D. McCarthy, Hart M. Nelsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relevance of family income for religious participation in the United States has been largely ignored in recent decades. Addressing this neglect, we focus our attention primarily upon white Catholics, the poorer of whom we reason have fewer options to participate in the context of an increasingly middleclass Church. Analyzing the 1972-2006 cumulative General Social Survey data, we show that net of all other factors lowincome white Catholics attend church less often than other white Catholics, although social integration mechanisms significantly moderate the effects of income. Additional analyses suggest that the effects of income on church attendance are greatest for the younger white Catholic cohort. In contrast, the role of income in Latino Catholics' attendance is relatively weak. In our conclusion, we attempt to integrate our most puzzling finding - having children in the home does not increase the church attendance of low-income white Catholics - with our main theoretical line of argument concerning the central role of social integration in understanding the impact of income on religious participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1997-2030
Number of pages34
JournalSocial Forces
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Fingerprint

church attendance
family income
income
participation
social integration
church
neglect
low income
Catholic Church
Participation
Income
Church Attendance
Religion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{02e968dd0c72472498d6e42d4db06598,
title = "The continuing relevance of family income for religious participation: U.S. white catholic church attendance in the late 20 th century",
abstract = "The relevance of family income for religious participation in the United States has been largely ignored in recent decades. Addressing this neglect, we focus our attention primarily upon white Catholics, the poorer of whom we reason have fewer options to participate in the context of an increasingly middleclass Church. Analyzing the 1972-2006 cumulative General Social Survey data, we show that net of all other factors lowincome white Catholics attend church less often than other white Catholics, although social integration mechanisms significantly moderate the effects of income. Additional analyses suggest that the effects of income on church attendance are greatest for the younger white Catholic cohort. In contrast, the role of income in Latino Catholics' attendance is relatively weak. In our conclusion, we attempt to integrate our most puzzling finding - having children in the home does not increase the church attendance of low-income white Catholics - with our main theoretical line of argument concerning the central role of social integration in understanding the impact of income on religious participation.",
author = "Philip Schwadel and McCarthy, {John D.} and Nelsen, {Hart M.}",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1353/sof.0.0220",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "87",
pages = "1997--2030",
journal = "Social Forces",
issn = "0037-7732",
publisher = "University of North Carolina Press",
number = "4",

}

The continuing relevance of family income for religious participation : U.S. white catholic church attendance in the late 20 th century. / Schwadel, Philip; McCarthy, John D.; Nelsen, Hart M.

In: Social Forces, Vol. 87, No. 4, 01.06.2009, p. 1997-2030.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The continuing relevance of family income for religious participation

T2 - U.S. white catholic church attendance in the late 20 th century

AU - Schwadel, Philip

AU - McCarthy, John D.

AU - Nelsen, Hart M.

PY - 2009/6/1

Y1 - 2009/6/1

N2 - The relevance of family income for religious participation in the United States has been largely ignored in recent decades. Addressing this neglect, we focus our attention primarily upon white Catholics, the poorer of whom we reason have fewer options to participate in the context of an increasingly middleclass Church. Analyzing the 1972-2006 cumulative General Social Survey data, we show that net of all other factors lowincome white Catholics attend church less often than other white Catholics, although social integration mechanisms significantly moderate the effects of income. Additional analyses suggest that the effects of income on church attendance are greatest for the younger white Catholic cohort. In contrast, the role of income in Latino Catholics' attendance is relatively weak. In our conclusion, we attempt to integrate our most puzzling finding - having children in the home does not increase the church attendance of low-income white Catholics - with our main theoretical line of argument concerning the central role of social integration in understanding the impact of income on religious participation.

AB - The relevance of family income for religious participation in the United States has been largely ignored in recent decades. Addressing this neglect, we focus our attention primarily upon white Catholics, the poorer of whom we reason have fewer options to participate in the context of an increasingly middleclass Church. Analyzing the 1972-2006 cumulative General Social Survey data, we show that net of all other factors lowincome white Catholics attend church less often than other white Catholics, although social integration mechanisms significantly moderate the effects of income. Additional analyses suggest that the effects of income on church attendance are greatest for the younger white Catholic cohort. In contrast, the role of income in Latino Catholics' attendance is relatively weak. In our conclusion, we attempt to integrate our most puzzling finding - having children in the home does not increase the church attendance of low-income white Catholics - with our main theoretical line of argument concerning the central role of social integration in understanding the impact of income on religious participation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=73449137570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=73449137570&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1353/sof.0.0220

DO - 10.1353/sof.0.0220

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:73449137570

VL - 87

SP - 1997

EP - 2030

JO - Social Forces

JF - Social Forces

SN - 0037-7732

IS - 4

ER -