The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch: Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era

Jamie Tayar, Garrett Somers, Marc H. Pinsonneault, Dennis Stello, Alexey Mints, Jennifer A. Johnson, O. Zamora, D. A. Garcia-Hernández, Claudia Maraston, Aldo Serenelli, Carlos Allende Prieto, Fabienne A. Bastien, Sarbani Basu, J. C. Bird, R. E. Cohen, Katia Cunha, Yvonne Elsworth, Rafael A. Garcia, Leo Girardi, Saskia HekkerJon Holtzman, Daniel Huber, Savita Mathur, Szabolcs Mészáros, B. Mosser, Matthew Shetrone, Victor Silva Aguirre, Keivan Stassun, Guy S. Stringfellow, Gail Zasowski, A. Roman-Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the updated APOGEE-Kepler catalog, we have asteroseismic and spectroscopic data for over 3000 first ascent red giants. Given the size and accuracy of this sample, these data offer an unprecedented test of the accuracy of stellar models on the post-main-sequence. When we compare these data to theoretical predictions, we find a metallicity dependent temperature offset with a slope of around 100 K per dex in metallicity. We find that this effect is present in all model grids tested, and that theoretical uncertainties in the models, correlated spectroscopic errors, and shifts in the asteroseismic mass scale are insufficient to explain this effect. Stellar models can be brought into agreement with the data if a metallicity-dependent convective mixing length is used, with Δα ML,YREC ∼0.2 per dex in metallicity, a trend inconsistent with the predictions of three-dimensional stellar convection simulations. If this effect is not taken into account, isochrone ages for red giants from the Gaia data will be off by as much as a factor of two even at modest deviations from solar metallicity ([Fe/H] =-0.5).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume840
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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metallicity
stellar models
stellar convection
ascent
prediction
predictions
catalogs
convection
grids
slopes
deviation
trends
shift
simulation
effect
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Tayar, J., Somers, G., Pinsonneault, M. H., Stello, D., Mints, A., Johnson, J. A., ... Roman-Lopes, A. (2017). The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch: Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era. Astrophysical Journal, 840(1), [17]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa6a1e
Tayar, Jamie ; Somers, Garrett ; Pinsonneault, Marc H. ; Stello, Dennis ; Mints, Alexey ; Johnson, Jennifer A. ; Zamora, O. ; Garcia-Hernández, D. A. ; Maraston, Claudia ; Serenelli, Aldo ; Prieto, Carlos Allende ; Bastien, Fabienne A. ; Basu, Sarbani ; Bird, J. C. ; Cohen, R. E. ; Cunha, Katia ; Elsworth, Yvonne ; Garcia, Rafael A. ; Girardi, Leo ; Hekker, Saskia ; Holtzman, Jon ; Huber, Daniel ; Mathur, Savita ; Mészáros, Szabolcs ; Mosser, B. ; Shetrone, Matthew ; Aguirre, Victor Silva ; Stassun, Keivan ; Stringfellow, Guy S. ; Zasowski, Gail ; Roman-Lopes, A. / The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch : Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 840, No. 1.
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Tayar, J, Somers, G, Pinsonneault, MH, Stello, D, Mints, A, Johnson, JA, Zamora, O, Garcia-Hernández, DA, Maraston, C, Serenelli, A, Prieto, CA, Bastien, FA, Basu, S, Bird, JC, Cohen, RE, Cunha, K, Elsworth, Y, Garcia, RA, Girardi, L, Hekker, S, Holtzman, J, Huber, D, Mathur, S, Mészáros, S, Mosser, B, Shetrone, M, Aguirre, VS, Stassun, K, Stringfellow, GS, Zasowski, G & Roman-Lopes, A 2017, 'The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch: Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 840, no. 1, 17. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa6a1e

The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch : Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era. / Tayar, Jamie; Somers, Garrett; Pinsonneault, Marc H.; Stello, Dennis; Mints, Alexey; Johnson, Jennifer A.; Zamora, O.; Garcia-Hernández, D. A.; Maraston, Claudia; Serenelli, Aldo; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Bastien, Fabienne A.; Basu, Sarbani; Bird, J. C.; Cohen, R. E.; Cunha, Katia; Elsworth, Yvonne; Garcia, Rafael A.; Girardi, Leo; Hekker, Saskia; Holtzman, Jon; Huber, Daniel; Mathur, Savita; Mészáros, Szabolcs; Mosser, B.; Shetrone, Matthew; Aguirre, Victor Silva; Stassun, Keivan; Stringfellow, Guy S.; Zasowski, Gail; Roman-Lopes, A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 840, No. 1, 17, 01.05.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The Correlation between Mixing Length and Metallicity on the Giant Branch

T2 - Implications for Ages in the Gaia Era

AU - Tayar, Jamie

AU - Somers, Garrett

AU - Pinsonneault, Marc H.

AU - Stello, Dennis

AU - Mints, Alexey

AU - Johnson, Jennifer A.

AU - Zamora, O.

AU - Garcia-Hernández, D. A.

AU - Maraston, Claudia

AU - Serenelli, Aldo

AU - Prieto, Carlos Allende

AU - Bastien, Fabienne A.

AU - Basu, Sarbani

AU - Bird, J. C.

AU - Cohen, R. E.

AU - Cunha, Katia

AU - Elsworth, Yvonne

AU - Garcia, Rafael A.

AU - Girardi, Leo

AU - Hekker, Saskia

AU - Holtzman, Jon

AU - Huber, Daniel

AU - Mathur, Savita

AU - Mészáros, Szabolcs

AU - Mosser, B.

AU - Shetrone, Matthew

AU - Aguirre, Victor Silva

AU - Stassun, Keivan

AU - Stringfellow, Guy S.

AU - Zasowski, Gail

AU - Roman-Lopes, A.

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - In the updated APOGEE-Kepler catalog, we have asteroseismic and spectroscopic data for over 3000 first ascent red giants. Given the size and accuracy of this sample, these data offer an unprecedented test of the accuracy of stellar models on the post-main-sequence. When we compare these data to theoretical predictions, we find a metallicity dependent temperature offset with a slope of around 100 K per dex in metallicity. We find that this effect is present in all model grids tested, and that theoretical uncertainties in the models, correlated spectroscopic errors, and shifts in the asteroseismic mass scale are insufficient to explain this effect. Stellar models can be brought into agreement with the data if a metallicity-dependent convective mixing length is used, with Δα ML,YREC ∼0.2 per dex in metallicity, a trend inconsistent with the predictions of three-dimensional stellar convection simulations. If this effect is not taken into account, isochrone ages for red giants from the Gaia data will be off by as much as a factor of two even at modest deviations from solar metallicity ([Fe/H] =-0.5).

AB - In the updated APOGEE-Kepler catalog, we have asteroseismic and spectroscopic data for over 3000 first ascent red giants. Given the size and accuracy of this sample, these data offer an unprecedented test of the accuracy of stellar models on the post-main-sequence. When we compare these data to theoretical predictions, we find a metallicity dependent temperature offset with a slope of around 100 K per dex in metallicity. We find that this effect is present in all model grids tested, and that theoretical uncertainties in the models, correlated spectroscopic errors, and shifts in the asteroseismic mass scale are insufficient to explain this effect. Stellar models can be brought into agreement with the data if a metallicity-dependent convective mixing length is used, with Δα ML,YREC ∼0.2 per dex in metallicity, a trend inconsistent with the predictions of three-dimensional stellar convection simulations. If this effect is not taken into account, isochrone ages for red giants from the Gaia data will be off by as much as a factor of two even at modest deviations from solar metallicity ([Fe/H] =-0.5).

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