The crevice model for heterogeneous nucleation of bubbles in water in response to a decreasing liquid pressure is studied. The model neglects gas-diffusion effects and is therefore more suited for acoustic than for flow cavitation. It is argued that previous work has overlooked the essential requirement of unstable growth of the interface in the crevice. As a consequence, the available results are incorrect in some cases. Another feature of the model which is considered is the process by which the interface moves out of the crevice. It is concluded that, depending on circumstances, the conditions for this step may be more stringent than those for the initial expansion of the nucleus inside the crevice. Some numerical examples are given to illustrate the complex behavior of nuclei, depending of geometrical parameters, gas saturation, contact angles, and other quantities.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics