A fixed grid structure of reduced length is employed to generate three-element miniature stochastic Yagi-Uda arrays. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is utilized to alter the shape and the element distances for optimum forward gain, good front-to-back ratio, and 2:1 or better voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR). Simulation results of PSO are compared with binary valued genetic algorithm (GA) optimized designs and with a conventional three-element Yagi-Uda array.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering