The development and validation of a consumer cosmopolitanism scale: The polar opposite of xenophobic attitudes

M. Hakan Altmtaş, Feride Bahar Kurtulmuşoǧlu, Hans Ruediger Kaufmann, Talha Harcar, Neriman Gundogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Consumer cosmopolitanism is defined as world citizenship, open interaction with foreigners and the polar opposite of xenophobic attitudes. Although it is the opposite of consumer ethnocentrism, to date, cosmopolitanism has been primarily perceived as the virtue of not seeing foreigners as a threat, not being hateful towards foreigners, and embracing cultural diversity. Based on this conceptualization, our main objective is to develop and test an alternative pilot scale for consumer cosmopolitanism. Fifteen scale items were developed as a result of a literature review and consultation with academic experts. A survey was administered to 484 people in Turkey. Exploratory factor analysis showed that the scale items were grouped in three factors. To measure the validity of this consumer cosmopolitanism scale, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) indicated that second-orderfactor-model was a more rational measurement configuration to determine consumer cosmopolitanism with three factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-154
Number of pages18
JournalEkonomska Istrazivanja
Volume26
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics

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    Hakan Altmtaş, M., Kurtulmuşoǧlu, F. B., Kaufmann, H. R., Harcar, T., & Gundogan, N. (2013). The development and validation of a consumer cosmopolitanism scale: The polar opposite of xenophobic attitudes. Ekonomska Istrazivanja, 26(1), 137-154.