Premature infants are at an increased risk of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). The roles of hypotension and hyperemia are still debated. Critical closing pressure (CrCP) is the arterial blood pressure (ABP) at which cerebral blood flow (CBF) ceases. When diastolic ABP is equal to CrCP, CBF occurs only during systole. The difference between diastolic ABP and CrCP is the diastolic closing margin (DCM). We hypothesized that a low DCM was associated with IVH. One hundred eighty-six premature infants, with a gestational age (GA) range of 23-33 weeks, were monitored with umbilical artery catheters and transcranial Doppler insonation of middle cerebral artery flow velocity for 1-h sessions over the first week of life. CrCP was calculated linearly and using an impedance model. A multivariate generalized linear regression model was used to determine associations with severe IVH (grades 3-4). An elevated DCM by either method was associated with IVH (p < 0.0001 for the linear method; p < 0.001 for the impedance model). Lower 5-min Apgar scores, elevated mean CBF velocity, and lower mean ABP were also associated with IVH (p < 0.0001). Elevated DCM, not low DCM, was associated with severe IVH in this cohort.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology